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A Level

Explain how a utilitarian might approach the issue of eating animals.

A utilitarian would approach the ethics of eating animals by determining what the effects of eating animals would be. The best conclusion would be the one that maximises utility; the best effects for ever...

Answered by Philosophy tutor

Explain the different between act and rule utilitarianism and offer one issue with these approaches.

Both act and rule utilitarianism are founded on the principle that to do good is to maximise the greatest utility. However, there are different ways of putting this principle into practice in normal life....

Answered by Rivkah H. Philosophy tutor

With reference to this extract, explain what J.S Mill means by happiness.

In “Utilitarianism” Mill argued that happiness was the sole basis of morality. Through observation of other men and women he found that all people have a natural tendency to seek happiness and therefore c...

Answered by George T. Philosophy tutor

What is Utilitarianism?

Utilitarianism is the doctrine/theory which states that an action is right, as it promotes the greatest amount of pleasure and the least amount of pain. Utilitarianism is a type of consequentialism, which...

Answered by Basil G. Philosophy tutor

What is the difference between act and rule utilitarianism?

The fundamental difference between act and rule utilitarian theories is that they have different criteria of right action and therefore prescribe different moral actions in different situations. A criteri...

Answered by Luke M. Philosophy tutor

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