MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

283 views

When and how to use the imperative

La forme simple de l’impératif    

 

The present imperative is used to give an order or to offer advice.

 

In the imperative mood, the subject pronoun is not used.

In the imperative, verbs are only conjugated in three grammatical persons (tu, nous, and vous), and most of the conjugations are the same as the present tense.

 

 

-ER VERBS

 

They conjugate in the same way as the present indicative, except the tu form loses the final –s (the nous and vous forms remain unchanged). For example:

 

parler

   (tu) parle

   (nous) parlons

   (vous) parlez

 

aller

   (tu) va

   (nous) allons

   (vous) allez

 

Verbs that are conjugated like -ER verbs (meaning that in the indicative the tu form ends in -es), such as ouvrir and souffrir, follow the same rules as -ER verbs. For example:

 

ouvrir

   (tu) ouvre

   (nous) ouvrons

   (vous) ouvrez

 

(EXCEPTION: the tu form keeps the -s ending if the verb precedes the pronoun y or en. For example: donnes-en or vas-y.)

 

 

-IR and -RE VERBS

 

The imperative conjugation of all regular (and most irregular) -IR and -RE verbs are the same as the present indicative. For example:

 

finir

   (tu) finis

   (nous) finissons

   (vous) finissez

 

faire

   (tu) fais

   (nous) faisons

   (vous) faites

 

However, there are four exceptions:

 

avoir

   (tu) aie

   (nous) ayons

   (vous) ayez

 

être

   (tu) sois

   (nous) soyons

   (vous) soyez

 

savoir

   (tu) sache

   (nous) sachons

   (vous) sachez

 

vouloir

   (tu) veuille

   (nous) veuillons

   (vous) veuillez

 

 

Negative Imperatives

 

The word order is the same as that of all other simple verb conjugations:

 

Finis! - Finish!

Ne finis pas! - Don't finish!

Ne le finis pas! - Don't finish it!

 

Affirmative Imperatives

 

The word order for affirmative commands is different from other tenses and moods: all pronouns follow the verb and are connected to it and to each other with hyphens:

 

Finis-le! - Finish it!

Allons-y! - Let's go!

Mangez-les! - Eat them!

Donne-lui-en! - Give him some!

 

 

Eliza J. A Level English Literature tutor, GCSE English Literature tu...

2 years ago

Answered by Eliza, a GCSE French tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

103 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£30 /hr

Thomas W.

Degree: Biological Sciences (Bachelors) - Oxford, Pembroke College University

Subjects offered: French, Science+ 3 more

French
Science
Maths
Chemistry
Biology

“Hi, I’m Tom, a third year Biology student at Oxford University. Tutoring experience: I have tutored A-level Maths, Chemistry and Biology in 1:1 tutorials at my Sixth Form College to Year 12 students. I have also given private tutor...”

£22 /hr

Morna C.

Degree: Land Economy (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered: French, Spanish+ 2 more

French
Spanish
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“About Me I live in Paris and study International Economic Policy at SciencesPo.  My undergraduate degree was in Land Economy, which I studied at Pembroke College, Cambridge.  In between my undergrad and master’s, I worked as a project...”

£18 /hr

Joseph D.

Degree: Modern languages with European Studies (French and German) (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered: French, German

French
German

“About Me: I study French and German with European Studies at the University of Bath. I have always been hugelypassionate about the technicality and grace of languages , and I’d love to help you feel the same way. I am incredibly p...”

About the author

Eliza J.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: English Language and Literature (Bachelors) - Oxford, St John's College University

Subjects offered: French, English Literature+ 3 more

French
English Literature
English Language
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“English Literature undergraduate at St John's College, Oxford. I offer tutoring in both English and French to A Level standard.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other GCSE French questions

What are the different conjugations for avoir?

How can I improve my accent?

How do I form the passé composé and when do I use it?

What's the difference between imperfect and passé composé?

View GCSE French tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok