MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

460 views

Can you help me understand adjective agreements please?

Adjective Agreements

The following are simple points to remember in order to avoid losing marks in an exam for forgetting to make adjectives agree. It is important to be able to check and correct your own work and spot mistakes.

Agreements for gender

Adjectives are words which describe nouns and in French, adjectives must agree with the nouns. Therefore, you must show if they are masculine or feminine and singular or plural to match the noun.

First, you must know the gender of the noun and if you are in doubt, check! Do not assume that a noun which ends in –e is always feminine

Common mistakes – un groupe, un manque, un problème, un système

NB rules

Nouns ending in –ment are all masculine (exception of la jument, meaning mare.)

Nouns ending in –tion are feminine

The feminine singular form of an adjective is usually formed by adding an –e to the end of the masculine form i.e. petit (m); petite (f) or français (m); française (f)

To make the feminine plural form you simply add –es e.g. petites

For the masculine plural form you merely add –s e.g. petits

: adjectives which end in –s or –x do not change in the masculine plural form e.g. gris, des gens heureux

Important points to remember

Some adjectives double their final letter and also add an –e in the feminine form e.g. naturel (m); naturelle (f), européen (m); européenne (f), gros (m); grosse (f), net (m); nette (f)

Adjectives ending in –c form the feminine with –che, e.g. blanc (m); blanche (f)

NB – exceptions: public (m); publique (f), grec (m) ; grecque (f)

Adjectives ending in –er form the feminine with –ère e.g. premier (m); première (f)

Adjectives ending in –f form the feminine with –ve e.g. neuf (m); neuve (f)

NB

masculine forms of adjectives that end in a silent –e do not change in the feminine i.e. la vie facile

Some adjectives are invariable, which means they do not change e.g. marron, orange, chic, cool, super

Adjectives and past participles which end in –é add an extra –e in the feminine form e.g. une porte fermée, les portes fermées

Adjectives ending in –al mostly form the masculine plural with –aux e.g. ideal (m); idéaux (m pl)

Adjectives ending in –eau form the masculine plural with –eaux e.g. beau (m); beaux (m pl)

Something that can often cause confusion

If you have several nouns of different genders with an adjective which describes all of them, always use the masculine plural e.g. La vue et le ciel étaient beaux.

Hope you find this helpful :)

Carolyn E. A Level French tutor, GCSE French tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Carolyn, a GCSE French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

154 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£36 /hr

Sasha O.

Degree: French & German (Bachelors) - Oxford, New College University

Subjects offered:French, Music+ 2 more

French
Music
German
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“I`m a friendly and experienced tutor now based in Berlin and teaching online. Last year, I graduated from Oxford with a Congratulatory First in French & German.”

£20 /hr

Elise H.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish+ 1 more

French
Spanish
History

“I am a second-year History student at Newcastle University. I have loved history for years now, in great part thanks to several excellent teachers in my secondary education. Since I know how valuable good guidance and mentoring are to...”

£18 /hr

Toby C.

Degree: Modern Languages - Spanish, French and Beginners Italian (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish+ 1 more

French
Spanish
History

“About me: I'm studying French, Italian and Spanish at Durham University. I absolutely love learning languages, and I'm certain I can help you learn one too! What will we cover in the sessions? Whether you're struggling with something...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Carolyn E.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Common and Civil Law with French (Bachelors) - Queen's, Belfast University

Subjects offered:French

French

“I love all things French and would really enjoy helping you maximise your language skills!”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other GCSE French questions

What's the best way to remember vocabulary?

How do you construct the past tense in French?

What is the difference between bon and bien in french?

What is the 'conditional' in French, and how do you use it?

View GCSE French tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok