MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

372 views

How to make a noun plural

With some exceptions, Spanish nouns tend to follow these rules to become plural:

Add s:

a)    If the noun ends in a vowel: la casa- las casas (house- houses); el libro- los libros (book- books); el café- los cafés (café- cafes)

b)    To most foreign nouns ending in a consonant: el chalet- los chalets; el jersey- los jerseys (jumper- jumpers).

Add es:

a)    If the noun ends in a consonant other than s: la flor- las flores (flower- flowers); la ciudad- las ciudades (city- cities).

b)   If it ends in a stressed vowel followed by s: el inglés- los ingleses (Englishman- Englishmen)

When es is added to make a noun plural, any accent on the last vowel of the singular disappears: el melocotón- los melocotones (peach- peaches);

But if the singular contains the combination of or aú, the accent is kept in the plural: el país- los países (country- countries); el baúl- los baúles (trunk- trunks).

When es is added to a noun ending in z, the z becomes a c in the plural: la cruz- las cruces (cross- crosses).

No change:

a)    If the noun ends in an unstressed vowel followed by s: la crisis- las crisis (crisis- crisis); el virus- los virus (virus- viruses)

b)   For some foreign nouns: el test- los test.

Irregular Plurals:

Some nouns change their stress in the plural:

El carácter- los caracteres (character- characters); el régimen- los regímens (regime- regimes); el/la joven- los jóvenes (young person, young people).

Caitlin P. GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level Spanish tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Caitlin, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

87 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£22 /hr

Flaminia I.

Degree: International Relations and Political Theory (Doctorate) - St. Andrews Unversity University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Politics+ 4 more

Spanish
Politics
Philosophy and Ethics
Italian
-Personal Statements-

“Hello! I am an MLitt Philosophy student at the University of St. Andrews and I fell in love with philosophy in the first year of IB. I am delighted to help with political philsophy, ethics, moral philosophy, epistemology, metaphysics, ...”

£18 /hr

Isabella S.

Degree: Spanish & Russian (Bachelors) - Oxford, The Queen's College University

Subjects offered: Spanish, .MLAT (Modern Languages)+ 2 more

Spanish
.MLAT (Modern Languages)
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hello! My name is Isabella, and I'm studying Spanish & Beginner's Russian at Oxford University.  I have experience tutoring my sister, who is GCSE level, and regularly helped my peers with difficult A level grammar if they didn't und...”

£18 /hr

Elise H.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered: Spanish, History+ 1 more

Spanish
History
French

“I am a second-year History student at Newcastle University. I have loved history for years now, in great part thanks to several excellent teachers in my secondary education. Since I know how valuable good guidance and mentoring are to...”

About the author

Caitlin P.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Law and Spanish (Bachelors) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered: Spanish

Spanish

“I am a second year undergraduate at Edinburgh University, studying Law and Spanish, and looking to tutor GCSE and A level pupils in Spanish.”

You may also like...

Posts by Caitlin

How do I know when to use the preterite and imperfect tenses?

How to make a noun plural

What is the difference between por and para?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

How can I revise for my listening exam?

How do I know when to use the preterite and imperfect tenses?

What is the subjunctive and when should it be used?

How can I improve my knowledge of Spanish vocabulary?

View GCSE Spanish tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok