What are the differences between Carbohydrates and Lipids?

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Carbohydrates

- 17 kJ of energy per gram

- Disaccharides = highly soluble. Polysaccharides = insoluble

- Less metabolic water produced

- Stored as STARCH in plants and GLYCOGEN in animals

- Monomer = Glucose

- SHORT TERM energy store

Lipids

- 38kJ of energy per gram

- Insoluble

- A lot of water produced on oxidation

- Monomers = Fatty Acids and Glycerol

- LONG TERM energy store

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