MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

669 views

How can I distinguish when to use the verbs "ser" or "estar"?

Both these verbs are translates as "to be", however they are used in different circumstances.

the verb "ser" is used to express permanent states of being, such as characteristics of identity (nationality, gender, name, profession), e.g. soy española (I am Spanish), él es medico (he is a doctor)

A second use for "ser" is to tell when/where an event occurs, e.g. la fiesta es el lunes (the party is on monday), el mes que viene será invierno (next month it will be winter)

"Estar", on the other hand, has multiple uses to express temporary states:

1. It is used to express emotional, physical and mental states of being, e.g. estoy cansado (I am tired)

2. it cna be used to express location, e.g. estoy en Madrid (I am in Madrid)

3. It is also used in continuous tenses, e.g. ellos están jugando (they are playing), mañana estaremos trabajando (tomorrow we will be working)

Hannah C. A Level Spanish tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Hannah, an A Level Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

81 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£24 /hr

Raquel L.

Degree: Physics with Theoretical Physics (Masters) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Physics+ 1 more

Spanish
Physics
Maths

“I am a Physics with Theoretical Physics student at King´s College London. And if there is something that I love even more than Physics and Science is learning. I love it so much that I decided to leave my country, leaving there my fam...”

Isabella S. A Level Spanish tutor
£20 /hr

Isabella S.

Degree: Spanish & Russian (Bachelors) - Oxford, The Queen's College University

Subjects offered:Spanish, .MLAT (Modern Languages)+ 2 more

Spanish
.MLAT (Modern Languages)
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hello! My name is Isabella, and I'm studying Spanish & Beginner's Russian at Oxford University.  I have experience tutoring my sister, who is GCSE level, and regularly helped my peers with difficult A level grammar if they didn't und...”

£24 /hr

Irini K.

Degree: Modern and Medieval Languages (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Spanish, French+ 2 more

Spanish
French
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Graduate in French and Spanish from Cambridge University with 3+ years of experience in tutoring.”

About the author

Hannah C.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: BSc Anthropology (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Spanish

Spanish

“About me:  Hi, I'm Hannah, an anthropology student at the University of Exeter. I was born and raised in Spain, and would love to share many espects of both my home language and culture. I am very patient and enthusiastic. I have pre...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other A Level Spanish questions

How do I write an A grade Spanish film,book or region essay ?

What is the subjunctive and when do I use it in Spanish?

How do you conjugate regular verbs into the preterite?

The Ultimate Guide to Accents in Spanish

View A Level Spanish tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok