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How to form and use the future tense.

How do you form the future tense?                                                             For  regular –er and –ir verbs, the radical is the infinitive

For most –re verbs, you take off the -e

Je chanterai

Tu chanteras

Il/elle/on chantera

Nous chanterons

Vous chanterez

Ils/elles chanteront

 

Verbs in –oyer and –uyer : ‘y’ changes to ‘i:

Je nettoierai / tu tutoieras etc.

 

Verbs in –ayer either keep the ‘y’ or change to ‘i’:                                                 Il essaiera etc.

 

Verbs with a penultimate ‘e’

Add a grave accent: (amener, mener, se lever, etc.)

J’amènerai etc.

 

Some verbs are irregular, and will have to be learned by heart. Here is a selection of the most common irregular verbs.

Etre:  ser-
Avoir:  aur-
Aller:  ir-   
Faire:  fer-
 
 
How do you use the future tense?
  An order, a request.
  Tu iras le voir demain et tu t’excuseras de ta conduite!
 
  Or in the negative
  Tu ne sortiras pas ce soir!
 
   Probability
   Ce sera Olivier sans doute.
 
    A perspective or a prediction
    Ça ne marchera pas.
    Vous verrez!

 

Conor L. GCSE French tutor

2 years ago

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