How can I remember when to use 'être' in the perfect tense?

Etre is the auxiliary that is usually used with verbs that mean 'coming' or 'going' in French, as opposed to avoir. You can use the 'DR MRS VANDERTRAMP' acronym to help you remember: 

Devenir (to become) past participle: devenu
Revenir (to come back) past participle: revenu

Monter (to climb) past participle: monté
Rester (to stay) past participle: resté
Sortir (to leave) past participle: sorti
Passer (to pass) past participle: passé

Venir (to come) past participle: venu
Aller (to go) past participle: allé
Naître (to be born) past participle: né
Descendre (to descend) past participle: descendu
Entrer (to enter) past participle: entré
Rentrer (to re-enter) past participle: rentré
Tomber (to fall) past participle: tombé
Retourner (to turn around) past participle: retourné
Arriver (to arrive / to come) past participle: arrivé
Mourir (to die) past participle: mort
Partir (to leave) past participle: parti

Elizabeth H. A Level English tutor, 11 Plus English tutor, GCSE Engli...

7 months ago

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