How is αὐτος used in Greek?

  • Google+ icon
  • LinkedIn icon
  • 674 views

The word αὐτος has three different meanings in Greek, depending on its case and the use of the definite article.

1) When the word agrees with an article + noun but is not sandwiched, it means himself/herself/itself/themselves.

ὁ βασιλευς αὐτος = The king himself

αὐτος ὁ πατηρ = The father himself

The word also has this meaning when it appears on its own as a pronoun in the nominative:

αὐτη ἐφυγεν = She herself fled.

2) When the word agrees with an article + noun and is sandwiched, it means the same. This is always the meaning when a part of αὐτος comes immediately after the article.

τους αὐτους δουλους εἰδεν = He saw the same slaves.

3) When the word is used on its own as a pronoun and is not in the nominative, it means him/her/it/them. It is always third-person, and cannot come as the first word of a sentence or clause.

ὁ στρατηγος αὐτην εἰδεν = The general saw her.

ὁ ἀγγελος αὐτοις ἐπιστευεν = The messenger trusted them.

Andrew P. GCSE Classical Greek tutor, 13 plus  Classical Greek tutor,...

About the author

is an online GCSE Classical Greek tutor with MyTutor studying at Oxford, St John's College University

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist.

95% of our customers rate us

Browse tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok