MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

650 views

How do you order pronouns in the affirmative imperative in French?

The imperative mood is used when giving commands to a number of persons: either the 2nd person singular 'tu', the 1st person plural 'nous' or the 2nd person plural 'vous'. Whilst negative constructions of the imperative keep the usual word order, affirmative imperatives change the order.

Let's start with simple, non-reflexive verbs. In the three persons, construct the imperative mood of the verb manger  -  Mange! Mangeons! Mangez! 

Now if you wanted to give the command to eat something in particular, you would need to use a direct object pronoun ‘le’ to represent this object receiving the action (or in other words, being eaten). So in order to attach the 'le' pronoun to the imperative command, you place it after the verb, connecting the two words with a hyphen. Mange-le! Mangeons-le! Mangez-le! 

Often it gets more complicated when there is more than one pronoun in the mix. If you need to use more than one, for example in the command: 'Give it to her!', you need to decide which order they go in. This sentence contains both indirect and direct object pronouns.

So let's take the imperative of donner for the 2nd person singular ‘tu’: Donne!

Next, to add on ‘it’ or the direct object pronoun ‘le’, you have to place it after the verb connecting with a hyphen again. Donne-le!

Finally, to add on 'to her’ or the indirect object pronoun ‘lui', you have to place it after the direct pronoun, like this: Donne-le-lui!

For a reflexive/pronominal verb, such as se lèver there is a small change:

Tu te lèves in the imperative would not be Lève-te!  but instead Lève-toi!

In fact, the pronouns ‘te’ and ‘me’ always change to ‘toi’ and ‘moi’ in the imperative, for example Dis-le-moi! 

EXCEPT if ‘me’ and ‘te’ are followed by either ‘y’ or ‘en’, in which case they contract to m’ and t’ 

For example Donne-m’en!

Don’t forget to put in hyphens, and remember to omit the object pronouns. (tu) Mange!

I will split them into groups to show which ones come first, and this order stays the same regardless of how many groups you need to use: 

1) le la les      2) moi/m' toi/t' lui      3) nous vous leur    4) y     5) en

Lauren R. A Level French tutor, GCSE French tutor, 13 plus  French tu...

1 year ago

Answered by Lauren, an A Level French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

92 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

Capucine D. GCSE Italian tutor, A Level Italian tutor, GCSE History t...
£20 /hr

Capucine D.

Degree: Music and Italian (joint honours) (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:French, Italian+ 2 more

French
Italian
History
-Personal Statements-

“About Me: I am a fourth year Music and Italian student at Bristol University. I have always had a real passion and love for all things 'science' and hope that my tutorials will instill that love in you, too. I am very patient and fri...”

PremiumEmma J. A Level French tutor, A Level English Literature tutor, GCSE ...
£30 /hr

Emma J.

Degree: English and French (Bachelors) - Warwick University

Subjects offered:French, Sociology+ 5 more

French
Sociology
Extended Project Qualification
English Literature
English Language
-Personal Statements-

“English and French undergraduate at the University of Warwick with previous teaching and tutoring experience. Premium MyTutorWeb tutor. DBS checked. ”

£20 /hr

Karalyn G.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:French, Latin+ 1 more

French
Latin
Classical Greek

“Hi! I am in my first year at the University of Exeter where I study Classics. I am very passionate about languages especially Latin and Classical Greek. I have grown up in Brussels and completed my secondary education in French. While ...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

£20 /hr

Lauren R.

Degree: French and Spanish (Bachelors) - University College London University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish

French
Spanish

“Hi everyone! I'm Lauren, a French and Spanish 3rd year student at University College London, currently on my year abroad! I clearly have a huge interest in languages, and am keen to:  - help you get to grips with any tricky grammar p...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other A Level French questions

How do you know when to use savoir or connaitre?

What do I do if I don’t know a word during a speaking exam?

How do you know whether to use the imperfect or perfect tense?

What is the passive in French and how does it work?

View A Level French tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok