MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

314 views

How do you form the present perfect tense in Spanish?

The present perfect tense is really useful and needn't worry you! In English when we say things like 'I have gone' or 'We have arrived', this is the present perfect tense. It is used to describe an action that happened at an unspecified time in the past. In Spanish we form this using the verb 'haber', which corresponds loosely with the English verb 'to have' in the sense of 'He has been.' See below the various forms of haber:

Yo - he

Él/Ella - ha

Tú - has

Nosotros - hemos

Ellos/Ellas - han

Now, once you have your 'haber' form, you need your past participle. The past participle is basically the 'been', 'gone', or 'arrived' part of the sentence in English. For example, in the phrase 'I have arrived', 'arrived' is the past participle.

In Spanish, forming these past participles for regular verbs is really easy. For the -ar verbs, simply cut off the final '-r', and add '-do'. For example, using the verb 'comprar' (to buy), 'I have bought' would be: 'He comprado.'

For the -er/-ir verbs, simply take off the final -er/-ir and add '-ido'. For example, using the verb 'vender' (to sell), 'We have bought' would be: 'Hemos vendido.' Similarly, using the -ir verb 'venir' (to come), 'They have come' would be: 'Han venido.'

And that's it! Simple! 

Unfortunately, there are some irregular verbs that don't quite follow this rule, but you will learn these soon enough!

Below are a couple of common irregular past participles to get you started:

Hacer (to do) - hecho

Decir (to say/to tell) - dicho

Describir (to describe) - descrito

Escribir (to write) - escrito

Nathaniel A. GCSE Spanish tutor

9 months ago

Answered by Nathaniel, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

85 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Natalie H.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Spanish, English+ 1 more

Spanish
English
Business Studies

“About Me I'm a student of Modern Languages at the University of Exeter with a strong passion for languages and cultures. I aim to motivate my students through fun, interesting and engaging sessions which are tailored towards the needs...”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

Anna P.

Degree: Politics (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Government and Politics

Spanish
Government and Politics

“Hi all! I'm an undergraduate student, fluent in Polish, English and Spanish, enthusiastic about languages and linguistics! I've got experience working with children 8-17 years old but I'm willing to tutor anyone. I moved to the UK 2 y...”

£18 /hr

Hannah W.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Spanish, French

Spanish
French

“About Me:I am currently in my final year at Durham University studying French and Spanish. Ilove learning languages and really enjoy sharing this passion with others.Before I started at University I spent 10 months as a teaching as...”

About the author

Nathaniel A.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Hispanic Studies (Bachelors) - University College London University

Subjects offered: Spanish, History+ 2 more

Spanish
History
English Literature
English Language

“About me:I am a 24-year-old tutor from Liverpool, and have recently moved back to the city. I hold aFirst Class Honours in Hispanic Studies from University College London, where I achieved the highest grades in the Department of Span...”

You may also like...

Posts by Nathaniel

How do I form the past simple tense in Spanish?

How do I form the past simple tense in Spanish?

How do you form the present perfect tense in Spanish?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

How do I know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

How do I learn new vocabulary?

What should I include in my controlled assessment?

How do I learn vocabulary and grammar very well?

View GCSE Spanish tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok