What is the difference between a eukaryote and a prokaryote?

Generally a prokaryote is smaller, reaching roughly up to 5μm while eukaryotes are larger reaching roughly up to 100μm.

Eukaryotes have 80s ribosomes but prokaryotes have 70s ribosomes. 

A eukaryotic cell contains membrane bound organelles due to compartimentilisation, this includes a membrane bound nucleus. A prokaryotic cells has no membrane bound oraganelles and no nucleus.

Prokaryotes have naked DNA in the form of a plasmid while eukaryotes have protein bound DNA.

A prokaryote reproduces by binary fission while eukaryotes use mitosis and meiosis. 

Nadia H. IB English Literature tutor, IB Economics tutor, GCSE Biolog...

10 months ago

Answered by Nadia, who has applied to tutor IB Biology with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


£20 /hr

Erin B.

Degree: Biomedical Sciences (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Biology, Spanish+ 1 more


“About me: I am currently in my first year studying Biomedical Sciences at Durham University. Prior to coming to the U.K., I completed the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program at an international school in Tokyo, Japan. I come ...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Karol B.

Degree: Biochemistry (Masters) - St. Andrews University

Subjects offered: Biology, Chemistry+ 1 more

-Personal Statements-

“I am a biochemistry student at the University of St Andrews. I have always had a great passion for tutoring in the sciences. One of my main career plans for the future is to become an international school teacher for IB Chemistry and ...”

£20 /hr

Marek W.

Degree: Biochemistry with German for Science (Bachelors) - Imperial College London University

Subjects offered: Biology, German+ 2 more

-Personal Statements-

“Science?- Yes, please! Who I am? I am Biochemistry with German student at Imperial College London. I am patient and friendly to explain you things that you are struggling with. In my free time I play tennis and dance Punjabi. I have b...”

About the author

£20 /hr

Nadia H.

Degree: English (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Biology, Psychology+ 3 more

English Literature
-Personal Statements-

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Nadia

What is the difference between a eukaryote and a prokaryote?

What is the law of demand?

Other IB Biology questions

Draw and label a diagram of the carbon cycle to show the processes involved.

What is the Krebs/TCA/Citric Acid cycle?

Explain the need for enzymes in digestion

What is the role of auxin in plant phototropism?

View IB Biology tutors


We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss