How do I form the subjunctive?

The subjunctive in French can be really hard to get your head around - particularly as it's something we're not really used to in English! But luckily, forming the subjunctive is actually a really simple process - and as soon as you’ve learn the method, you can write and say some pretty impressive, complex-sounding sentences that take your language skills to the next level.

So here’s the simple three-step process to follow for all regular verbs:

1. First, take the 3rd person plural (ils) form of the present tense of the verb

2. Then take away the -ent, to find the stem

3. Finally, add the following endings:

je: -e

tu: -es

il/elle/on: -e

nous: - ions

vous: -iez

ils/elles: -ent

So for example, to put the verb finir into the subjunctive, simply follow the steps:

1. ils finissent (3rd person plural of the present tense)

2. finiss (minus the -ent)

3. je finisse, tu finisses, il/elle/on finisse, nous finissions, vous finissiez, ils/elles finissent (with the endings)

And that’s all there is to it! Of course, there are some pesky irregular verbs that just need to be learnt off by heart...but in general, knowing how to form the subjunctive really isn't as tricky as some may think!

Hannah W. GCSE French tutor, A Level French tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor

5 months ago

Answered by Hannah, an A Level French tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


Sally W. GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level Spanish tutor, GCSE French tutor...
View profile
£20 /hr

Sally W.

Degree: Modern Languages (French and Spanish with Portuguese) (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: French, Spanish


“Hi! I'm Sally and I'm a languages student in my fourth and final year at the University of Exeter. I have always loved learning new languages - I studied French and German at school, and during my French A Level I decided to study Mod...”

MyTutor guarantee

PremiumEmma P. Uni Admissions Test .MLAT (Modern Languages) tutor, Mentoring...
View profile
£30 /hr

Emma P.

Degree: French & Latin (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered: French, .MLAT (Modern Languages)+ 1 more

.MLAT (Modern Languages)
-Personal Statements-

“PhD student at University College London interested in boosting confidence in studying for qualifications in French and Latin.”

PremiumNaomi C. GCSE French tutor, A Level French tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor,...
View profile
£26 /hr

Naomi C.

Degree: Modern Languages- French and Spanish (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: French, Spanish


“Hello/Hola/Bonjour! Final year French and Spanish student. Passionate about my subject. Keen to help you excel in your language learning!”

About the author

Hannah W. GCSE French tutor, A Level French tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor
View profile
£20 /hr

Hannah W.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: French, Spanish


“About Me:I am currently in my final year at Durham University studying French and Spanish. Ilove learning languages and really enjoy sharing this passion with others.Before I started at University I spent 10 months as a teaching as...”

You may also like...

Other A Level French questions

When do I use the conditional perfect tense in a "si" clause?

Qui or Que?

How do I know when to use the subjunctive?

How can I improve my pronunciation?

View A Level French tutors


We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss