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How do the terms 'site' and 'situation' differ?

Both terms are commonly used when studying the topic of settlements, however, they do not mean the same thing and it is important for students to distinguish between the two. 'Site' refers to the physical land that the settlement is built on. Exam questions may also require the student to identify why certain sites are chosen for settlements, these factors may include: topography, altitude, gradient and water supply. 'Situation' refers to the position of the settlement in relation to the surrounding area. Features of a settlement's situation include: transport links, proximity to other settlements and agricultural productivity of the area.

Answered by Himani A. Geography tutor

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