MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

500 views

What are participles and how are they used?

Participles are defined as verbal adjectives: they are formed from verbs, describing an action but are used as adjectives. For example, 'I ran away from the collapsing house' uses the participle 'collapsing'. 

Since they are used as adjectives, in Greek they agree with a noun/pronoun. While in English word order indicates agreement, in Greek this is shown through number, gender and case of both the participle and its corresponding noun/pronoun. 

Different tenses of participle have different meaning also. 

1) The present participle is used to describe an action that is simultaneous to the main verb. 

ταῦτα ἔπρατε στρατηγῶν - He did this while he was general. 

2) The future participle refers to a future time. If is often used to express purpose, often when used alongside ὡς. 

συλλαμβάνει Κῦπρον ὡς ἀποκτενῶν - He arrests Cyrus in order to put him to death. 

After a verb of motion, ὡς is often omitted. 

3) The aorist participle usually communicates an action which has occurred before the action of the main verb. 

δειπνήσας ἐχώρει - After dining, he went off. 

4) The perfect participle indicates a present state which came about as a result of a past event. 

οἱ τεθνηκότες  - The dead (lit. those who have died). 

Meenakkhi B. 11 Plus Maths tutor, GCSE Maths tutor, A Level Maths tut...

10 months ago

Answered by Meenakkhi, a GCSE Classical Greek tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

14 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Maria P.

Degree: Classics (Masters) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Latin+ 5 more

Classical Greek
Latin
History
French
English Literature
English Language

“I provide tons of awesome material for GCSE and A-level preparation to assist those with exams soon and those looking to boost their skills over the summer! ”

£30 /hr

Olly J.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Oxford, St Hilda's College University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Latin+ 2 more

Classical Greek
Latin
English Literature

“ As a tutor of Latin and Greek, my aim is to help students improve their language skills in an interactive way.”

£18 /hr

Kim N.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Maths+ 1 more

Classical Greek
Maths
Latin

“ABOUT ME: Hello! I'm Kim and am currently doing Classics at Durham. I was always interested in languages and the culture and history behind it, which means even now I'm trying to learn new languages and their culture! Ancient Greece a...”

About the author

£18 /hr

Meenakkhi B.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Classical Greek, Maths+ 6 more

Classical Greek
Maths
Latin
Italian
French
Classical Civilisation
Chemistry
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Meenakkhi

How is time expressed in Latin?

What are participles and how are they used?

What is a mole?

Other GCSE Classical Greek questions

How are you qualified to teach Classical Greek at GCSE Level?

How do I begin to tackle Greek epic?

What is the difference between the aorist tense and the perfect tense?

What was the impact of Augustus on Ancient Rome?

View GCSE Classical Greek tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok