MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

354 views

How do I form and use the Perfect Tense?

The Perfect Tense was one of my favourite grade boosters at GCSE in speaking and writing because it's easy to make and easy to use.

 

The Perfect Tense is used to say you have done something:

-Hemos ido al cinema juntos tres veces. (We have been to the cinema together three times)

-¡Mi gato ha comido un pájaro! (My cat has eaten a bird!)

-¿Qué has hecho hoy? (What have you done today?)

 

The Perfect Tense has two parts...

The present tense of the verb HABER + the PAST PARTICIPLE of a verb.

 

Conjugations of HABER:

(yo)                 He

(tú)                  Has

(él/ella/usted)  Ha

(nosotros)        Hemos

(vosotros)        Habéis

(ellos/ustedes) Han

This is the 'I have' part of the phrase 'I have done...'

 

Forming the past participle:

Simply take away the -ar, -er, or -ir from the infinitive verb and...

for -ar verbs, add -ado

for -er verbs, add -ido

for -ir verbs, add -ido

E.g. Hablar à Hablado, Comer à Comido, Vivir à Vivido

This is the 'done' part of the phrase 'I have done...'

It is like 'ed' words in English, for example 'walked', 'talked'. We have lots of irregulars in English like 'eaten', 'done', 'seen'.

NB: past participles are very useful to learn because they are also used in other structures and tenses.

 

Here are some common irregular past participles:

Hacer (to do) ~ Hecho

Decir (to say) ~ Dicho

Abrir (to open) ~ Abierto

Poner (to put) ~ Puesto

Ver (to see) ~ Visto

Volver (to return) ~ Vuelto

Escribir (to write) ~ Escrito

 

So, let's put them together in some examples.

I have eaten = He comido

You have seen = Has visto

He/she/it has said = Ha dicho

We have spoken = Hemos hablado

You (plural) have lived = Habéis vivido

They have written = Han escrito

 

And don't forget, the H is silent!

 

Let me know if you have any questions or need further explanations. I have practice worksheets on all the tenses.

¡Buena suerte!

Floss T. GCSE Spanish tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Floss, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

88 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Veronica G.

Degree: CHA: English Literature, Spanish with French (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Russian+ 7 more

Spanish
Russian
French
English Literature
.MLAT (Modern Languages)
.ELAT
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“About me: I have read English Literature, Spanish and French, as part of the Combined Honours in Arts programme at Durham University (graduated with 2:1 with Honours and a Year Abroad, Distinction in Spanish) and I am currently pursu...”

£18 /hr

Lucie F.

Degree: History and Spanish (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Spanish, History+ 1 more

Spanish
History
French

“About me:I am a history and spanish student at the University of Exeter. My mother is French therefore I speak the laguage fluently and can tutor in this as well as my degree subjects. I enjoy teaching and have had experience in this...”

£18 /hr

Aitana M.

Degree: Politics and French (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Spanish, French+ 2 more

Spanish
French
English Literature
-Personal Statements-

“I am a Spanish student at the University of Bristol and went to school in Edinburgh.I speak both Spanish and English fluently and I am studying French as part of my degree a long with Politics. I am friendly and patient and believe in...”

About the author

Floss T.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Spanish and Italian (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Spanish

Spanish

“Friendly, enthusiastic, experienced tutor from the University of Bristol, ready to help you with your Spanish GCSE.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Floss

How do I form and use the Perfect Tense?

How do I know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

What is adjectival agreement?

When should I use Usted/Ustedes and the 'vosotros' (2nd person plural) form?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

How do I know which subject pronoun to use for the second person (you)?

Translate the following into English: Hello, my name is Arantxa and I would love to help you learn Spanish!

How should I prepare for an oral exam?

How do you form the imperfect tense?

View GCSE Spanish tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok