MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

672 views

How do I form and use the Perfect Tense?

The Perfect Tense was one of my favourite grade boosters at GCSE in speaking and writing because it's easy to make and easy to use.

 

The Perfect Tense is used to say you have done something:

-Hemos ido al cinema juntos tres veces. (We have been to the cinema together three times)

-¡Mi gato ha comido un pájaro! (My cat has eaten a bird!)

-¿Qué has hecho hoy? (What have you done today?)

 

The Perfect Tense has two parts...

The present tense of the verb HABER + the PAST PARTICIPLE of a verb.

 

Conjugations of HABER:

(yo)                 He

(tú)                  Has

(él/ella/usted)  Ha

(nosotros)        Hemos

(vosotros)        Habéis

(ellos/ustedes) Han

This is the 'I have' part of the phrase 'I have done...'

 

Forming the past participle:

Simply take away the -ar, -er, or -ir from the infinitive verb and...

for -ar verbs, add -ado

for -er verbs, add -ido

for -ir verbs, add -ido

E.g. Hablar à Hablado, Comer à Comido, Vivir à Vivido

This is the 'done' part of the phrase 'I have done...'

It is like 'ed' words in English, for example 'walked', 'talked'. We have lots of irregulars in English like 'eaten', 'done', 'seen'.

NB: past participles are very useful to learn because they are also used in other structures and tenses.

 

Here are some common irregular past participles:

Hacer (to do) ~ Hecho

Decir (to say) ~ Dicho

Abrir (to open) ~ Abierto

Poner (to put) ~ Puesto

Ver (to see) ~ Visto

Volver (to return) ~ Vuelto

Escribir (to write) ~ Escrito

 

So, let's put them together in some examples.

I have eaten = He comido

You have seen = Has visto

He/she/it has said = Ha dicho

We have spoken = Hemos hablado

You (plural) have lived = Habéis vivido

They have written = Han escrito

 

And don't forget, the H is silent!

 

Let me know if you have any questions or need further explanations. I have practice worksheets on all the tenses.

¡Buena suerte!

Floss T. GCSE Spanish tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Floss, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

112 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Emily O.

Degree: International Relations (Masters) - St. Andrews University

Subjects offered:Spanish, History+ 2 more

Spanish
History
Government and Politics
-Personal Statements-

“I fully believe in the importance of learning with confidence, comfortable that you understand each segment as you move through.”

£18 /hr

Aruna P.

Degree: Law (Bachelors) - LSE University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Sociology+ 4 more

Spanish
Sociology
English Literature
Economics
.LNAT.
-Personal Statements-

“I am a future lawyer and a self-proclaimed expert on surviving the university admission process, trying to pass on mypassion for the humanities to those I tutor. Only last year, I was in your position, trying to write a competitive a...”

£30 /hr

Gina J.

Degree: Economics with French (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Maths+ 2 more

Spanish
Maths
French
Economics

“Private tutor of Economics, Maths and French with six years of experience. I am passionate about teaching!”

About the author

Floss T. GCSE Spanish tutor

Floss T.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Spanish and Italian (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Spanish

Spanish

“Friendly, enthusiastic, experienced tutor from the University of Bristol, ready to help you with your Spanish GCSE.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Floss

How do I form and use the Perfect Tense?

How do I know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

What is adjectival agreement?

When should I use Usted/Ustedes and the 'vosotros' (2nd person plural) form?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

How can I revise for my listening exam?

How do I know whether to use por or para?

How do you form the imperfect tense in Spanish?

What is the subjunctive?

View GCSE Spanish tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok