MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

426 views

How do I form and use the Perfect Tense?

The Perfect Tense was one of my favourite grade boosters at GCSE in speaking and writing because it's easy to make and easy to use.

 

The Perfect Tense is used to say you have done something:

-Hemos ido al cinema juntos tres veces. (We have been to the cinema together three times)

-¡Mi gato ha comido un pájaro! (My cat has eaten a bird!)

-¿Qué has hecho hoy? (What have you done today?)

 

The Perfect Tense has two parts...

The present tense of the verb HABER + the PAST PARTICIPLE of a verb.

 

Conjugations of HABER:

(yo)                 He

(tú)                  Has

(él/ella/usted)  Ha

(nosotros)        Hemos

(vosotros)        Habéis

(ellos/ustedes) Han

This is the 'I have' part of the phrase 'I have done...'

 

Forming the past participle:

Simply take away the -ar, -er, or -ir from the infinitive verb and...

for -ar verbs, add -ado

for -er verbs, add -ido

for -ir verbs, add -ido

E.g. Hablar à Hablado, Comer à Comido, Vivir à Vivido

This is the 'done' part of the phrase 'I have done...'

It is like 'ed' words in English, for example 'walked', 'talked'. We have lots of irregulars in English like 'eaten', 'done', 'seen'.

NB: past participles are very useful to learn because they are also used in other structures and tenses.

 

Here are some common irregular past participles:

Hacer (to do) ~ Hecho

Decir (to say) ~ Dicho

Abrir (to open) ~ Abierto

Poner (to put) ~ Puesto

Ver (to see) ~ Visto

Volver (to return) ~ Vuelto

Escribir (to write) ~ Escrito

 

So, let's put them together in some examples.

I have eaten = He comido

You have seen = Has visto

He/she/it has said = Ha dicho

We have spoken = Hemos hablado

You (plural) have lived = Habéis vivido

They have written = Han escrito

 

And don't forget, the H is silent!

 

Let me know if you have any questions or need further explanations. I have practice worksheets on all the tenses.

¡Buena suerte!

Floss T. GCSE Spanish tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Floss, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

85 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Claire S.

Degree: German and Spanish (Bachelors) - Southampton University

Subjects offered: Spanish, German+ 1 more

Spanish
German
English Literature

“I believe that he key thing about learning a language is to enjoy it. In my classes you can expect to learn with a variety of different activities, and learn by doing. I try and make classes monolingual (so just in the target language...”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

Vittoria S.

Degree: English and Spanish (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Extended Project Qualification+ 3 more

Spanish
Extended Project Qualification
English Literature
Business Studies
-Personal Statements-

“Hi! I am a current humanities undergraduate student at the University of Exeter, exploring the amazing subjects of English and Spanish. One of my passions is learning about other cultures, and English and Spanish both allow me to do t...”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

Prerna K.

Degree: Chemical Engineering with an Integrated Foundation Year (Other) - Manchester University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Maths

Spanish
Maths

“Hi, I am Chemical Engineering student at The University of Manchester but I was born and raised in Spain! And I would be glad to help you to reach those A's but most importantly to help you speak this beautiful language. Xx  ”

About the author

Floss T.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Spanish and Italian (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Spanish

Spanish

“Friendly, enthusiastic, experienced tutor from the University of Bristol, ready to help you with your Spanish GCSE.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Floss

How do I form and use the Perfect Tense?

How do I know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

What is adjectival agreement?

When should I use Usted/Ustedes and the 'vosotros' (2nd person plural) form?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

Answer the following question in Spanish: ?Puedes describir tu pueblo?

How do you use the subjunctive mood?

What should I include in my controlled assessment?

What's the difference between ser and estar?

View GCSE Spanish tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok