MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

664 views

How do you conjugate regular AR, IR and ER verbs in the present tense?

Firstly, it is important to understand that for any verb conjugation there are six different persons. These are the first, second and third person singluars and their plural forms. In English, these are: I, you, he/she/it, we, you all and they.

Now that you know the different persons, we can form regular verbs in the present tense. In Spanish, the infinitive (in English put 'to' infront of the verb to form the infinitive e.g. to eat) of all verbs end in either AR, IR or ER. Let's begin with verbs ending in AR and let's take hablar (to speak) as an example. The verb is conjugated below:

I speak - hablo

You speak - ​hablas

He/she/it speaks - habl​a

​We speak - hablamos

You all speak - hablais ​(accent required on the a of ais)

They speak - hablan

​Notice that the AR has been removed each time and a new ending has been added to conjugate the verb. An easy way to remember this is by creating a simple rhyme of the endings o, as, a, amos,ais, an.

Now on to IR verbs. Let's use the verb vivir (to live) as an example to show the process.

I live - Viv​o

You live - Vives

He/she/it lives- Vive

​We live - Vivimos

​You all live - Vivis (accent required on the i of is)

​They live - Viven

So the process is again similar, remove the IR and add o, es, e, imos, is and en. This will work for any regular verb ending in IR in the present tense.

Finally, on to verbs ending in ER. You will find that these endings are very similar to IR verbs but slightly diferent. Let's use the verb comer (to eat).

I eat - Como

You eat - Comes

He/she/it eats - Come

We eat - Comemos

You all eat - Comeis ​(accent required on the e of eis)

They eat - Comen

​So the ER is once again removed and o, es, e, emos, eis and en are add to the verb to conjugate it with respect to the person doing the action.

So that is how you conjugate regular AR, IR and ER verbs in the present tense. Howver be careful! Some verbs are irregular in the present which means that this formula will not work. Examples include Ir (to go), Ser (to be) and Jugar (to play).

Robbie T. GCSE Maths tutor, GCSE Geography tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor

10 months ago

Answered by Robbie, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

99 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£24 /hr

Adrienne J.

Degree: BA (Hons) Religion, Philosophy & Ethics (Bachelors) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Religious Studies+ 3 more

Spanish
Religious Studies
Philosophy and Ethics
French

“I am a Theology & Philosophy student at King's College London (University of London). As an aspiring ph.D student, I have taught students from GCSE to A Level in Religious Studies, Philosophy & Ethics, and French (AQA, Edexcel, and OC...”

£36 /hr

Tom P.

Degree: Modern Languages & Business Studies (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered:Spanish, French+ 1 more

Spanish
French
-Personal Statements-

“Highly experienced tutor and fluent speaker of Spanish, French, and Italian specialising in exam prep and adult learning !”

Amy F. A Level German tutor, IB German tutor, 13 Plus  German tutor, ...
£20 /hr

Amy F.

Degree: German and Spanish (Bachelors) - Oxford, Hertford College University

Subjects offered:Spanish, German+ 4 more

Spanish
German
Extended Project Qualification
.MLAT (Modern Languages)
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“I'm a third year German and Spanish student with a passion for languages, particularly grammar, translation, modern literature, and poetry.”

About the author

Robbie T.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: BSc Geography with Study in Continental Europe (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Maths+ 1 more

Spanish
Maths
Geography

“About Me ​I am in my first year studying Geography at the University of Bristol. My degree gives me the opportunity to study in Europe for a year and I hope to go to Spain to improve my Spanish which I loved studying at A Level. In ...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Robbie

How do you change the subject of the formula?

How do you conjugate regular AR, IR and ER verbs in the present tense?

What is globalisation and how does it affect us?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

How do I know when to use SER or ESTAR

How can I confidently pass my Spanish speaking test?

How should I go about revising for my upcoming speaking exam?

How to make a noun plural

View GCSE Spanish tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok