How do you conjugate regular AR, IR and ER verbs in the present tense?

Firstly, it is important to understand that for any verb conjugation there are six different persons. These are the first, second and third person singluars and their plural forms. In English, these are: I, you, he/she/it, we, you all and they.

Now that you know the different persons, we can form regular verbs in the present tense. In Spanish, the infinitive (in English put 'to' infront of the verb to form the infinitive e.g. to eat) of all verbs end in either AR, IR or ER. Let's begin with verbs ending in AR and let's take hablar (to speak) as an example. The verb is conjugated below:

I speak - hablo

You speak - ​hablas

He/she/it speaks - habl​a

​We speak - hablamos

You all speak - hablais ​(accent required on the a of ais)

They speak - hablan

​Notice that the AR has been removed each time and a new ending has been added to conjugate the verb. An easy way to remember this is by creating a simple rhyme of the endings o, as, a, amos,ais, an.

Now on to IR verbs. Let's use the verb vivir (to live) as an example to show the process.

I live - Viv​o

You live - Vives

He/she/it lives- Vive

​We live - Vivimos

​You all live - Vivis (accent required on the i of is)

​They live - Viven

So the process is again similar, remove the IR and add o, es, e, imos, is and en. This will work for any regular verb ending in IR in the present tense.

Finally, on to verbs ending in ER. You will find that these endings are very similar to IR verbs but slightly diferent. Let's use the verb comer (to eat).

I eat - Como

You eat - Comes

He/she/it eats - Come

We eat - Comemos

You all eat - Comeis ​(accent required on the e of eis)

They eat - Comen

​So the ER is once again removed and o, es, e, emos, eis and en are add to the verb to conjugate it with respect to the person doing the action.

So that is how you conjugate regular AR, IR and ER verbs in the present tense. Howver be careful! Some verbs are irregular in the present which means that this formula will not work. Examples include Ir (to go), Ser (to be) and Jugar (to play).

Robbie T. GCSE Maths tutor, GCSE Geography tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor

2 months ago

Answered by Robbie, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


Amy D.
View profile
£18 /hr

Amy D.

Degree: Pharmacy (Masters) - Bath University

Subjects offered: Spanish


“Would you like to make your Spanish the best it can be? I am British/Mexican and I lived in Mexico for 11 years. This means that as well as having the language experience, I also have the cultural experience.  I have achieved A* in my...”

MyTutor guarantee

Paula K. GCSE Drama tutor, GCSE English Literature tutor, GCSE German...
View profile
£18 /hr

Paula K.

Degree: History & International Relations (Bachelors) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Politics+ 6 more

English Literature
-Personal Statements-

“I am a first year student History & International Relations at King's College London and an IB alumni.  My strongest subject has always been history. History lets me learn about my country's past, about important individuals that have...”

MyTutor guarantee

Aruna P. GCSE Sociology tutor, A Level Sociology tutor, GCSE Economic...
View profile
£18 /hr

Aruna P.

Degree: Law (Bachelors) - LSE University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Sociology+ 4 more

English Literature
-Personal Statements-

“I am a future lawyer and a self-proclaimed expert on surviving the university admission process, trying to pass on mypassion for the humanities to those I tutor. Only last year, I was in your position, trying to write a competitive a...”

About the author

Robbie T. GCSE Maths tutor, GCSE Geography tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor
View profile
£18 /hr

Robbie T.

Degree: BSc Geography with Study in Continental Europe (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Maths+ 1 more


“About Me ​I am in my first year studying Geography at the University of Bristol. My degree gives me the opportunity to study in Europe for a year and I hope to go to Spain to improve my Spanish which I loved studying at A Level. In ...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Robbie

How do you change the subject of the formula?

How do you conjugate regular AR, IR and ER verbs in the present tense?

What is globalisation and how does it affect us?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

Nouns in Spanish have a gender. Is it hard to tell when a noun is masculin or feminine?

What is an infinitive?

How do I know whether to use por or para?

How do you use the subjunctive mood?

View GCSE Spanish tutors


We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss