MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

99 views

What does the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution illustrate?

The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution is used to describe the fact that at a given temperature the individual atoms of an ideal gas are not all moving at the same velocity and thus have different kinetic energies. 

Take a balloon of helium for instance. It is filled with billions of helium atoms, all of which are moving at different velocities. As kinetic energy is proportional to velocity squared and mass, it is clear that a rise in velocity will increase the kinetic energy value. Mass does not play a significant role as helium atoms all have roughly the same mass (isotopes account for small differences). 

The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution plots kinetic energy on the x-axis and number of particles of the y-axis. A curve is plotted showing the number of atoms that possess a specified kinetic energy. 

It is important to note that we can create a distribution for different temperatures and that this can help us understand how the distribution of particle kinetic energy changes as the temperature is altered. In the case of raising the temperature we would find that the curve flattens out and shifts along the x-axis. This is in accordance with the fact that as temperature rises, so too does the mean kinetic energy.

Karl R. GCSE Human Biology tutor, A Level Human Biology tutor, GCSE B...

3 months ago

Answered by Karl, an IB Chemistry tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

16 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Eleanor H.

Degree: Biochemistry (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Chemistry, Biology

Chemistry
Biology

“ABOUT ME: I am a biochemistry student, currently studying at the University of Bristol, and have had a passion for the natural sciences from a very young age. I am patient, hardworking and experienced, having tutored students in Maths...”

£20 /hr

Simone V.

Degree: Biochemistry (Bachelors) - University College London University

Subjects offered: Chemistry, Science+ 4 more

Chemistry
Science
Maths
French
Dutch
Biology

“I believe that the most important thing a tutor can do is to motivate the student and make learning fun! That’s exactly what I want to achieve during a session. At the end of a session, I want you to feel like you learned something in...”

£20 /hr

Dominika K.

Degree: Biomedical sciences (Bachelors) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered: Chemistry, Spanish

Chemistry
Spanish

“I am a first year student of Biomedical Sciences in Edinburgh. I was born in Spain but my parents are from Poland, so I speak both languages. Last year I finishedstudying the International Baccalaureate and the Spanish Baccalaureate a...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Karl R.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Medicine (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered: Chemistry, Science+ 7 more

Chemistry
Science
Physics
Maths
Human Biology
.BMAT (BioMedical Admissions)
-Oxbridge Preparation-
-Medical School Preparation-

“Hi, My name is Karl. I am 19 year old medical student studying at Cambridge. I have completed my first year of study gaining a First overall and ranking 6th best of ~300 medical students in anatomy.  I have been tutoring students (KS3 ...”

You may also like...

Other IB Chemistry questions

What mass of carbon dioxide is produced from burning 100 grams of ethanol in oxygen according to this reaction: C2H5OH + 3 O2 --> 2 CO2 + 3 H2O

Hydrogen bromide forms a strong acid when dissolved in water whereas hydrogen fluoride forms a weak acid. Distinguish between the terms strong acid and weak acid. State equations to describe the dissociation of each acid in aqueous solution. [3]

Why do melting points decrease down the group 1 and increade down the group 7? (core syllabus: Periodicity)

What does the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution illustrate?

View IB Chemistry tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok