what is a simple test to detect the presence of a carbonyl and to identify it?

  • Google+ icon
  • LinkedIn icon

A carbonyl is either a ketone or an aldehyde. In order to see whether the carbonyl group is present (C double bond O), 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine must be used. If an orange/yellow precipate is formed, then a carbonyl group is present. Then, you must purify the precipitate by recrystalisation and measure its melting point. then compare the melting point to known values to determine the compounds identity.

Zahra M. A Level Chemistry tutor, GCSE Chemistry tutor, A Level Maths...

About the author

is an online A Level Chemistry tutor who has applied to tutor with MyTutor studying at Bristol University

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist.

95% of our customers rate us

Browse tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss