MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

293 views

Do you want to make a difference in your exam? Then let me introduce you to: “los hiatos y diptongos”

If you want to make a difference in your writing in your A level or any other Spanish exam, you should know how to accentuate words. Do you know the rules?

If the stressed syllable of the word is the last one, then it will have an accent if it finishes by the letters “n”, “s” or a vowel. For example: camión, José, patín… These words are called: palabras agudas.

If the stressed syllable is the penultimate, then it will be accented if the word finishes by any consonant except “n” or “s” and except if it finishes by a vowel, for example: lápiz, Cádiz, Pérez…These words are called: palabras llanas.

If the stressed syllable is the antepenultimate it is always accented, for example: cántico, cántabro, cámara…These words are called: palabras esdrújulas.

Also, there are other words called: palabras sobresdrújulas, their stressed syllable is the fourth from the last and they are always accented.

However, there are some exception to these rules, there is something called: diptongos and hiatos which are combinations of different vowels.

A “diptongo” is when two vowels are together in the same syllable. Those vowels must be: one open (a,e,o) and the other one closed (i,o) or both of them should be closed. For example: sabia, peine, ciudad… “Diptongos” follow the rules mentioned above, and if the stressed syllable of the word is the one that has the “diptongo”, then the accent will be always on the open vowel, for example: murciélago, cantáis… but if the “diptongo” is form by two closed vowels, the accent will be always on the last of them. For example: cuídate, casuística.

On the other hand, we have the “hiatos”. This happens when two vowels are next to each other but they are in different syllabus.

Here, if the hiato is formed by an open and a closed vowel, no matter in which order they are, the “hiato”  WILL ALWAYS BE ACCENTED ON THE CLOSED VOWEL. For example: naúfrago, caída, reúno…

But if the “hiato” is formed by two different open vowels, or by the same two vowels,  it will follow the rules mentioned above. For example: héroe, chiita, león..

Now, learn this rules and try to put some examples in you writing exam, for sure you will impress your examiner!

Raquel L. IB Spanish tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level Spanish tutor...

7 months ago

Answered by Raquel, an A Level Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

73 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£24 /hr

Tom P.

Degree: Modern Languages & Business Studies (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered:Spanish, French

Spanish
French

“Highly experienced tutor and fluent speaker of Spanish, French, and Italian specialising in exam prep and adult learning !”

£20 /hr

Zahra S.

Degree: Modern and Medieval Languages (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Italian+ 3 more

Spanish
Italian
French
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“¡Hola! Ciao! Salut! I'm Zahra and I'm currently in my first year studying French and Spanish at the University of Cambridge. ”

£24 /hr

Natalie H.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Spanish, English Literature+ 2 more

Spanish
English Literature
Business Studies

“About Me I'm a student of Modern Languages at the University of Exeter with a strong passion for languages and cultures. I aim to motivate my students through fun, interesting and engaging sessions which are tailored towards the needs...”

About the author

Raquel L.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Physics with Theoretical Physics (Masters) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered:Spanish, Physics+ 1 more

Spanish
Physics
Maths

“I am a Physics with Theoretical Physics student at King´s College London. And if there is something that I love even more than Physics and Science is learning. I love it so much that I decided to leave my country, leaving there my fam...”

You may also like...

Posts by Raquel

Do you want to make a difference in your exam? Then let me introduce you to: “los hiatos y diptongos”

Sophia (mass 47Kg) is travelling to the right with a velocity of 7.2m/s and ​Neesha (mass 68Kg) is travelling to the left with a velocity 4.8m/s. When ​they meet, they hold hands and travel off together. Give their final ​velocity and direction

There are "n" sweets in a bag, six are orange and the rest are yellow. If you take a random sweet from the bag and eat it. Then take at random another one and eat it. The probability of eating two orange sweets is 1/3. Show that n²-n-90=0.

Other A Level Spanish questions

How do I decide which essay to write?

What are the main differences between 'por' and 'para'?

When do I use the subjunctive?!

What is the difference between the interrogative pronouns "Qué" and "Cuál"?

View A Level Spanish tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok