Quand utiliser le/la et quand utiliser l' pour un nom ?

Quand il s'agit de parler d'un nom en français, le déterminant (le ou la) dépend du genre du nom, féminin ou masculin. Pour un nom masculin, il faut utiliser le déterminant le, exemple : le train, le bateau, etc. Pour un nom féminin, il faut utiliser le déterminant la, exemple : la voiture. L'utilisation dépent du nom qui suit : si le déterminant est devant un nom commançant par une consonne, il faut utiliser le ou la, en fonction du genre, exemple : la bouteille, le thermos, etc. Si le nom commence par une voyelle en revanche, alors il faut utiliser le l', et peut importe son genre, exemple : l'avion (m), l'enveloppe (f), l'amateur (m ou f).

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