MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

385 views

How do I know when to use être or avoir as an auxiliary verb?

An auxiliary verb is the first verb used in a compound tense (when more than one verb is present) such as le passé composé.

Most French verbs take the auxiliary verb avoir - J'ai regardé la télé.

However, there are certain cases where the verb être is used as the auxiliary verb.

 

Verbs to do with movement (MR VANS TRAMPED):

                  INFINITIF             PARTICIPE PASSÉ

M mourir    (to die)                Mort

R rester     (to stay)              Resté

V venir       (to come)            Venu

A aller        (to go)                 Allé

N naitre      (to be born)        Né

S sortir       (to go out)           Sorti

T tomber    (to fall)                Tombé

R retourner         (to return)           Retourné

A arriver     (to arrive)            Arrivé

M monter   (to climb)             Monté

P partir       (to leave)            Parti

E entrer     (to enter)            Entré

D descendre(to go down)     Descendu

 

The verbs above are to do with some sort of movement, so use être when dealing with these verbs.

 

Remember: the verb être makes the past participle (allé, arrivé, mort) work like an adjective. Therefore the past participle must agree with who did the action.

Add –e if it’s feminine Elle est arrivée trop tard.

Add –s if it’s masculine plural Ils sont montés la montagne.

Add –es if it’s feminine plural. Les trois filles sont parties tôt 

Charlotte S. GCSE French tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level French tu...

2 years ago

Answered by Charlotte, a GCSE French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

99 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Sara L.

Degree: Modern languages (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: French, Italian

French
Italian

“I am a Modern Languages student at Durham University with a passion for teaching and all things French and Italian! This year I am in France as an English language assistant in two schools so I'm gaining lots of experience in foreign ...”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

Penny P.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: French, German

French
German

“Hi Everyone! I'm Penny and I tutor French and German GCSE and A-Level. I've recently finished my second year at Exeter University studying French, German and TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages). Having sat through ...”

£18 /hr

Stephen J.

Degree: Classics (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: French, Latin+ 3 more

French
Latin
English Language
Classical Greek
Classical Civilisation

“About Me:I am a second year mature student at the University of Bristol, studying Classics. I harbour a true love for the Classics, as well as for English and French literature, and I find great pleasure in sharing this enthusiasm ...”

About the author

Charlotte S.

Currently unavailable: no new students

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: French, Spanish

French
Spanish

“Hi, I'm Charlotte, a second year French and Spanish student at the University of Exeter. I have a true passion for languages and I am looking to tutor at GCSE and A-level. ”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other GCSE French questions

how do you form and use the near future tense?

Using the perfect tense with avoir

How do I form the conditional tense?

How do I form the present subjective in French?

View GCSE French tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok