MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

340 views

When do you need to agree the past participle when using the passé composé?

Participles are tricky little things, but when it comes to agreeing them, all you've got to do is learn the rules – there aren't any pesky exceptions!

Participles agree in gender and number. To form the plural, add an -s; to form the feminine, add an -e. (To form the pl. fem., add an -es.)

1. Agrees with subject – after auxiliary être

• When the participle is used with the auxiliary être, the participle automatically agrees with the subject.

Thus: She fell out of the tree – Elle est tombée de l'arbre or We arrived on time – Nous sommes arrivés (ou arrivées) à l'heure

2. Agrees with object – when object precedes participle

• This is where it gets complicated. Basically, in phrases such as Il l'a choisil' is a pronoun which replaces the object and the object therefore comes before the participle in the sentence. When this is the case, the participle agrees with it.

Thus: She saved them – Elle les a sauvés (ou sauvées) or We ate them (say, the peaches) – Nous les avons mangées (les pêches).

I hope this clears some things up – now get practising!

Rebecca B. GCSE English Literature tutor, A Level French tutor, 13 Pl...

8 months ago

Answered by Rebecca, an A Level French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

94 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£24 /hr

Victoria T.

Degree: Biomedical Sciences (Bachelors) - Queen Mary, London University

Subjects offered:French, Japanese+ 1 more

French
Japanese
Biology

“Hi, my name is Victoria. I was born in France and moved to London to study Biomedical Sciences. Having been in an international school, I am bilingual in French and English and learnt other languages like Japanese. Alongside, I was ab...”

£24 /hr

Zahra S.

Degree: Modern and Medieval Languages (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish+ 3 more

French
Spanish
Italian
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“Hi! I'm Zahra and I'm currently studying French and Spanish at the University of Cambridge.”

£20 /hr

Roxanne B.

Degree: International Relations and Politics (Bachelors) - Sheffield University

Subjects offered:French

French

“I am a French native, passionate about my language and its beauty, ready to help you speak it à la perfection.  I am currently studying International Relations and Politics in Sheffield. Before this year, I was in high school in Franc...”

About the author

£20 /hr

Rebecca B.

Degree: French & Beginners' Russian (Bachelors) - Oxford, Pembroke College University

Subjects offered:French, Russian+ 3 more

French
Russian
.MLAT (Modern Languages)
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“A bit about yours truly Salut ! I'm Rebecca, I'm 19 years old and I study French & Beginners' Russian at Pembroke College at Oxford University, although I am currently on my year abroad in Russia. I grew up in France and didn't sit A-...”

You may also like...

Posts by Rebecca

How do you learn quotes efficiently?

When do you need to agree the past participle when using the passé composé?

Other A Level French questions

How do I form the subjunctive for regular verbs in French?

How can I tell the difference between the imperfect/pluperfect/perfect tenses? When do I use them?

Which variation of 'to' (en, au, aux, à) should be used when describing 'going to' a country which is in masculine, feminine and/or in plural form?

What is the subjunctive?

View A Level French tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok