What is the Spanish present tense, when and how do you use it?

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In Spanish, there are three categories of verbs. The category is determined by the last two letters of the infinitive:-ar verbs (like hablar)
-er verbs (like comer)
-ir verbs (like vivir)

The infinitive is the base form of the verb, such as to speak, to eat, to live, etc. In Spanish, all infinitives end in -ar, -er, or -ir.
To conjugate a verb means to manipulate the infinitive so that it agrees with the different possible subjects. 
These are the personal pronouns: 

Many Spanish verbs are completely regular, meaning that they follow a specific pattern of conjugation. In this lesson you will learn to conjugate regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs (in the present tense). Before you can do that, you must memorize the following subject pronouns.
yo (I)
tú (you – informal)
él (he)
ella (she)
usted (you – formal)

nosotros/nosotras (we)
vosotros/vosotras (you-all – informal)
ellos/ellas (they)
ustedes (you-all formal)

Spanish infinitives are divided into two parts: the ending and the stem. The ending is the last two letters. The stem is thus everything that’s left after you remove the ending.
habl + ar = hablar
com + er = comer
viv + ir = vivir

You remove the ending of the infitive and add the ending of the present tense to conjusgate the verb. 

AR: o as a amos ais an
ER: o es e emos eis en 
IR: o es e imos is en 

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