MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

767 views

Why do past participles that take 'avoir' sometimes agree with the noun?

The answer is the preceding direct object.

Take the sentence the boy ate the apple.

Here we have a subject (the boy), followed by the verb (ate) and then the object (the apple).

So the sentence would be as follows.....

Le garçon a mangé la pomme.

HOWEVER

If the object comes before the verb, that is it precedes the subject which does the action to it, then the past participle has to agree in gender (masculine and feminine) and in number (singular or plural) with the object.

So it would become.........

La pomme a été mangée par le garçon.

Because pomme is feminine the past participle 'mangé' has an extra 'e' to make it agree.

The preceding direct object is useful to show off your knowledge of the french language, and also allows you to place the emphasis on the object in a sentence, by placing it at the start, rather than the subject.

 

Jessica  H. A Level French tutor, GCSE English Literature tutor, A Le...

2 years ago

Answered by Jessica , an A Level French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

103 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Ciarán M.

Degree: French and Spanish and German (Bachelors) - St. Andrews University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish+ 1 more

French
Spanish
German

“About Me: I am from Ireland and am studying French, Spanish and German at the University of St Andrews. Languages have been my passion since the age of about 6 when I went to Spain for the first time and had major jealousy of the bili...”

Clorrie Y. A Level Spanish tutor, GCSE Spanish tutor, A Level French ...
£24 /hr

Clorrie Y.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (French and Spanish) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish+ 2 more

French
Spanish
History
-Personal Statements-

“French and Spanish student at Durham University offering tuition suited to all abilities.”

£20 /hr

Elena V.

Degree: International Relations (Bachelors) - LSE University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish

French
Spanish

“I'm an International Relations student excited to tutor your kids in Spanish and French :)”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

£20 /hr

Jessica H.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:French, Extended Project Qualification+ 2 more

French
Extended Project Qualification
English Literature

“I'm Jess, a French finalist with three years of experience teaching English and French. I'm a terrible perfectionist, so we'll reach that A* grade together!”

Trusted by schools

|  55 completed tutorials

You may also like...

Posts by Jessica

How should I revise English?

Why do past participles that take 'avoir' sometimes agree with the noun?

Other A Level French questions

How do you know when to use savoir or connaitre?

Can you give me the correction for section 9.6 for the mock paper we are doing ?

What else is the definite article (le/la/les) used for in French?

How and when do I use the French past historic?

View A Level French tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok