MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

345 views

What is the present subjunctive and when is it used?

The subjunctive is classed as a mood rather than a tense. Here we will address the present subjunctive; once you know avoir and etre you can use the perfect subjunctive.

But for arguments sake, we will treat it as a tense. The subjunctive is used after certain (1) impersonal expressions, expressions of (2) doubt or (3) emotion, or (4) particular verbs. There are (5) certain conjugations which just always take the subjunctive (there is no reason, you just need to learn them).

Some examples:

1) Il faut qu'on fasse... (It's necessary that we so)

Il est impossible qu'il aie raison... (It is impossible that he is right)

2) Je ne suis pas sûr/e que ce soit une bonne idée... (I am not sure it is a good idea)

Il n'est pas certain qu' il y ait... (It's not certain that there is)

3) C'est dommage que...

J'ai peur que...

4) Aimer mieux que (only when que follows aimer)

Souhaiter que...

Demander que...

Douter que...

5) Avant que/ après que...

Qui que (whoever)

Quel/le/s que (whatever)

When Que is at the start of a sentence

There are other instances when the subjunctive is needed, these include all superulatives, certain negatives eg: Je n'aime pas que/ Je ne pense pas que... After phrases of premier, dernier and seul - eg: c'est la seule personne que je connaisse... Hypothetical thoughts also take the subjunctive, as they include doubt eg: Je cherche une voiture qui ne soit pas trop chère (you haven't bought the car, you're only thinking about it. This sentence would work the same if the fist part was conditional).

Finally...

How is the subjunctive formed?

By taking the ils form of the present tense, removing the 'ent' eg: ils mangent and adding the relevant endings:

Je - e

Tu - es

Il/ elle/ on - e

Nous - ions

Vous - iez

Ils/ elles - ent

So, manger for ils in the subjunctive is the same - ils mangent

Irregular verbs include: aller, avoir, etre, faire, falloir, pouvoir, savoir, valoir et vouloir

(Some verbs are irregular in just the nous and vous forms eg: boire - nous buvions and vous buviez)

Victoria M. GCSE French tutor, IB French tutor, 13 Plus  French tutor...

9 months ago

Answered by Victoria, an A Level French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

93 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Marina M.

Degree: Combined Honours in Social Sciences (International Relations and French) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish

French
Spanish

“Spanish, reading French, approachable and motivated to help students enjoy languages and succeed in them.”

MyTutor guarantee

|  1 completed tutorial

PremiumFerdinand B. A Level Biology tutor, A Level Chemistry tutor, GCSE Che...
£30 /hr

Ferdinand B.

Degree: Medical Sciences (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:French, Maths+ 2 more

French
Maths
Chemistry
Biology

“Currently studying Medical Sciences. Very sporty, very sociable, and also a very supportive tutor! ”

£20 /hr

Emily E.

Degree: BA French & Spanish (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish+ 3 more

French
Spanish
Geography
Drama
-Personal Statements-

“Hello! My name is Emily and I’m a third year French and Spanish student at the University of Bristol. Languages are a huge passion of mine, and I...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Victoria M. GCSE French tutor, IB French tutor, 13 Plus  French tutor...

Victoria M.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: French and ab initio Russian (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered:French, Religious Studies+ 3 more

French
Religious Studies
Geography
Extended Project Qualification
-Personal Statements-

“I study at French and Russian Bath University and provide tuition because it is really beneficial to give extra help when pupils are struggling”

You may also like...

Posts by Victoria

Expliquez vous les noces de Colin et Chloe dans L'ecume des jours?

Quelles sont les inspirations pour La Haine?

What is the difference between the perfect and imperfect tense?

What is the present participle and how is it used?

Other A Level French questions

I struggle with object pronouns and their ordering in sentences

How do I form a conditional clause?

How can I improve my French without actually trying?

How do you use the subjunctive tense?

View A Level French tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok