MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

75 views

What is the present subjunctive and when is it used?

The subjunctive is classed as a mood rather than a tense. Here we will address the present subjunctive; once you know avoir and etre you can use the perfect subjunctive.

But for arguments sake, we will treat it as a tense. The subjunctive is used after certain (1) impersonal expressions, expressions of (2) doubt or (3) emotion, or (4) particular verbs. There are (5) certain conjugations which just always take the subjunctive (there is no reason, you just need to learn them).

Some examples:

1) Il faut qu'on fasse... (It's necessary that we so)

Il est impossible qu'il aie raison... (It is impossible that he is right)

2) Je ne suis pas sûr/e que ce soit une bonne idée... (I am not sure it is a good idea)

Il n'est pas certain qu' il y ait... (It's not certain that there is)

3) C'est dommage que...

J'ai peur que...

4) Aimer mieux que (only when que follows aimer)

Souhaiter que...

Demander que...

Douter que...

5) Avant que/ après que...

Qui que (whoever)

Quel/le/s que (whatever)

When Que is at the start of a sentence

There are other instances when the subjunctive is needed, these include all superulatives, certain negatives eg: Je n'aime pas que/ Je ne pense pas que... After phrases of premier, dernier and seul - eg: c'est la seule personne que je connaisse... Hypothetical thoughts also take the subjunctive, as they include doubt eg: Je cherche une voiture qui ne soit pas trop chère (you haven't bought the car, you're only thinking about it. This sentence would work the same if the fist part was conditional).

Finally...

How is the subjunctive formed?

By taking the ils form of the present tense, removing the 'ent' eg: ils mangent and adding the relevant endings:

Je - e

Tu - es

Il/ elle/ on - e

Nous - ions

Vous - iez

Ils/ elles - ent

So, manger for ils in the subjunctive is the same - ils mangent

Irregular verbs include: aller, avoir, etre, faire, falloir, pouvoir, savoir, valoir et vouloir

(Some verbs are irregular in just the nous and vous forms eg: boire - nous buvions and vous buviez)

Victoria M. GCSE French tutor, IB French tutor, 13 Plus  French tutor...

2 months ago

Answered by Victoria, an A Level French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

62 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Jennifer O.

Degree: French and Italian (Bachelors) - University College London University

Subjects offered: French, English Literature

French
English Literature

“I am a French and Italian student at UCL, and because I've always loved languages, I'm keen to help you get to grips with them too.  I aim to let you guide the sessions to focus on what you need help with the most, and in the way that...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Jade F.

Degree: International Relations (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: French, -Personal Statements-

French
-Personal Statements-

“Hi, I'm Jade. I'm currently a first year student at the University of Exeter, studying International Relations. I can therefore provide loads of advice about all things Uni related.  I'm very curious about different cultures and langu...”

MyTutor guarantee

£20 /hr

Penny P.

Degree: Modern Languages (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: French, German

French
German

“Hi Everyone! I'm Penny and I tutor French and German GCSE and A-Level. I've recently finished my second year at Exeter University studying French, German and TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages). Having sat through ...”

About the author

£20 /hr

Victoria M.

Degree: French and ab initio Russian (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered: French, -Personal Statements-

French
-Personal Statements-

“Hi guys, I'm Vicki and I've just started at Bath University to study French and ab initio Russian, which is really challenging, but totally rewarding. Having done languages to this level, I know how difficult they can be and would rea...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Victoria

Expliquez vous les noces de Colin et Chloe dans L'ecume des jours?

Quelles sont les inspirations pour La Haine?

What is the difference between the perfect and imperfect tense?

What is the present participle and how is it used?

Other A Level French questions

How and when do I use the French past historic?

Passé Composé - 'Etre' or 'Avoir'?

How can I revise for a French speaking exam?

Y and En

View A Level French tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok