MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

430 views

How do I know when to use the relative pronouns ‘qui’ and ‘que’?

‘Qui’ and ‘que’ are both relative pronouns.

At first it can be hard to know which one to use in a sentence. However, it is simply a case of learning the rules. You will be able to use them in no time!

‘Qui’ is a relative pronoun. It replaces the subject (person, object) in the subordinate clause.

Le garçon, qui est amoureux de Juliette, va au cinéma ce soir.

The boy, who loves Juliette, is going to the cinema tonight.

Remember: a subject is the person doing the action.

The subordinate clause provides the reader with extra information about the boy: he loves Juliette.

If the relative pronoun ‘qui’ in the subordinate clause ‘qui est amoureux de Juliette’ is substituted with the boy’s name, it reads, 'Le garçon est amoureux de Juliette', which makes perfect sense.

'Qui' can also be translated by 'which'.

'Que' is also a relative pronoun. It replaces the direct object (person, object) in the subordinate clause.

L’électricien que j’ai rencontré la semaine dernière est malade.

The electrician whom I met last week is ill.

So, how can we check that ‘L’électricien’ is the direct object of the sentence?

By splitting up the clauses.

J’ai rencontré l’électricien la semaine dernière. Il est malade.

‘J’ai’ is the subject of the sentence, while ‘l’électricien’ is the direct object.

When broken up into two separate sentences, ‘l’électricien’ becomes the subject of the second clause. ‘Est malade’ - ‘Is sick’ would not make sense by itself.

'Que' can also be translated by 'that'.

Emma B. GCSE French tutor, A Level French tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Emma, a GCSE French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

99 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£30 /hr

Imogen C.

Degree: Linguistics with French (Bachelors) - Newcastle University

Subjects offered: French, English Literature+ 3 more

French
English Literature
English Language
-Personal Statements-

“Enthusiastic and friendly French and English tutor delivering interactive, personally tailored lessons to suit your academic needs.”

£18 /hr

Bethan V.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: French, Spanish+ 1 more

French
Spanish
English Literature

“Hi! I'm Bethan and am currently a second year student at Durham University studying French and Spanish. I absolutely love learning languages as they are not only fun, but open up entire new cultures and peoples who would be otherwise ...”

£18 /hr

Harriet B.

Degree: Law LLB (Bachelors) - Southampton University

Subjects offered: French, History+ 4 more

French
History
English Literature
English Language
Biology
-Personal Statements-

“About me: Hi! I am a law student at the University of Southampton. I have always had a passion for teaching and helping others to understand how to break information down into more manageable chunks. I am very friendly and love mee...”

MyTutor guarantee

About the author

Emma B.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (French and Spanish) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: French

French

“Hi, I am Emma! I love foreign languages and tutor French GCSE pupils. I believe that every pupil is capable of improving their grades with the right help. ”

You may also like...

Other GCSE French questions

How do you construct the perfect tense for verbs that take avoir?

Is there more than one way to say ‘you’? When do I use each one?

Using être as an auxiliary in the perfect tense

What's the difference between imperfect and perfect?

View GCSE French tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok