MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

880 views

How do I know when to use the relative pronouns ‘qui’ and ‘que’?

‘Qui’ and ‘que’ are both relative pronouns.

At first it can be hard to know which one to use in a sentence. However, it is simply a case of learning the rules. You will be able to use them in no time!

‘Qui’ is a relative pronoun. It replaces the subject (person, object) in the subordinate clause.

Le garçon, qui est amoureux de Juliette, va au cinéma ce soir.

The boy, who loves Juliette, is going to the cinema tonight.

Remember: a subject is the person doing the action.

The subordinate clause provides the reader with extra information about the boy: he loves Juliette.

If the relative pronoun ‘qui’ in the subordinate clause ‘qui est amoureux de Juliette’ is substituted with the boy’s name, it reads, 'Le garçon est amoureux de Juliette', which makes perfect sense.

'Qui' can also be translated by 'which'.

'Que' is also a relative pronoun. It replaces the direct object (person, object) in the subordinate clause.

L’électricien que j’ai rencontré la semaine dernière est malade.

The electrician whom I met last week is ill.

So, how can we check that ‘L’électricien’ is the direct object of the sentence?

By splitting up the clauses.

J’ai rencontré l’électricien la semaine dernière. Il est malade.

‘J’ai’ is the subject of the sentence, while ‘l’électricien’ is the direct object.

When broken up into two separate sentences, ‘l’électricien’ becomes the subject of the second clause. ‘Est malade’ - ‘Is sick’ would not make sense by itself.

'Que' can also be translated by 'that'.

Emma B. GCSE French tutor, A Level French tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Emma, a GCSE French tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

158 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£30 /hr

Edward H.

Degree: Philosophy (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:French, Spanish+ 5 more

French
Spanish
Philosophy
History
English
-Personal Statements-
-Oxbridge Preparation-

“I'm Edward, and I tutor in Philosophy and Oxbridge preparation. I recently graduated from the University of Cambridge with a Double-First degree in Philosophy.”

£20 /hr

Maria P.

Degree: Classics (Masters) - Edinburgh University

Subjects offered:French, Latin+ 5 more

French
Latin
History
English Literature
English Language
Classical Greek

“I provide tons of awesome material for GCSE and A-level preparation to assist those with exams soon and those looking to boost their skills over the summer!”

£20 /hr

Simeon P.

Degree: History, Politics and Economics (Bachelors) - University College London University

Subjects offered:French, Russian+ 2 more

French
Russian
Politics
Economics

“"Theory without practice is just as incomplete as practice without theory" without practice is just as incomplete as practice without theory"”

About the author

Emma B.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (French and Spanish) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:French

French

“Hi, I am Emma! I love foreign languages and tutor French GCSE pupils. I believe that every pupil is capable of improving their grades with the right help. ”

You may also like...

Other GCSE French questions

How can you remember vocabs?

I'm finding all the tenses really hard to get to grips with, have you got any advice?

When do you use avoir and when do you use être in the past tense?

How can I improve my written style to sound more sophisticated/to a higher level?

View GCSE French tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok