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What is are metaphors and why are they used?

The use of language to refer to something other than what it was originally applied to or what it ‘literally’ means  in order to make a connection between the two things, or suggest a resemblance

We recognise metaphors as exaggerations and non-literal and interpret them accordingly – they are a way of communicating an image of an object or idea in a fabricated way

Unless we identify and agree what the literally meaning of a word or expression is, we cannot identify and agree what is metaphorical

Metaphor is a basic process in the formation of words and word meanings  that can be persuasive

Many multi-sense words are metaphorical

Idioms and proverbs (sayings) are metaphorical in origin

Metaphors can be used to clarify, describe, express, evaluate and entertain

Creative metaphors are those which a writer/speaker constructs to express a particular idea or feeling in a particular context which leaves it open for the interpretation of the reader and how they deconstruct it

Most metaphorical mappings are transmitted through familiar commonly occurring linguistic expressions in which there is connection between an idea and a physical entity e.g. the hoover grazed over the carpet

Grace G. GCSE English Literature tutor, GCSE History tutor, Mentoring...

12 months ago

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Samuel U.

Degree: Law (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: English Literature, Psychology+ 5 more

English Literature
Psychology
Law
Extended Project Qualification
English Language
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“About Me:  I am a final year law student at Bristol University with a graduate job secured as a trainee lawyer at a New York Corporate law firm. I have enjoyed studying a range of subjects and particularly enjoy subjects involving lot...”

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Holly H.

Degree: English (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered: English Literature, Religious Studies+ 5 more

English Literature
Religious Studies
Philosophy and Ethics
History
English Language
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“My name is Holly and I'm currently reading English Literature at Jesus College, Cambridge University. I graduated from school in Durham in 2014, with 3 A* grades in English, Philosophy and History. I chose to take a gap year, which I ...”

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Megan S.

Degree: English (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: English Literature, Psychology+ 2 more

English Literature
Psychology
History
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“I am a student of English Literature at Durham University. I absolutely love literature; although I also take a keen interest in psychology, having taken modules in that as well during my time at the university. I have a real passion ...”

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Grace G.

Degree: English Literature (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: English Literature, Sociology+ 3 more

English Literature
Sociology
History
English Language

“I am an English Literature student at Exeter University, and have always had a passion and love for writing and reading; I hope this will be evident in my tutorials, and I can make my students realise why English Literature is suchan ...”

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