Name two structural differences between arteries and veins.

1. Arteries have thick, elastic, muscular walls whereas veins have thin walls with few elastic fibres. 

Arteries need these properties to give them the strength and elasticity needed to cope with the high pressure surges of oxygenated blood coming from the heart. The elasticity allows the walls to recoil back to their original shape after they have increased in diameter to allow the surge of blood through. 

2. Veins have one-way valves whereas arteries do not have any valves.

Veins need valves as the blood flowing through them is at such a low pressure that they need something to prevent it going backwards! They are needed to prevent blood pooling. Arteries do not need valves as the blood is flowing at such a high pressure that it cannot go backwards. 

Jennifer W. GCSE Biology tutor, GCSE Physical Education tutor, A Leve...

8 months ago

Answered by Jennifer, a GCSE Biology tutor with MyTutor

Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist


PremiumHannah G. A Level Chemistry tutor, A Level Biology tutor, GCSE Chemis...
View profile
£24 /hr

Hannah G.

Degree: Chemistry (Other) - Liverpool University

Subjects offered: Biology, Science+ 1 more


“First year Chemistry undergraduate, looking to help you achieve your full potential in Chemistry and Biology. ”

Janis R. A Level Dutch tutor, GCSE Dutch tutor, A Level English and W...
View profile
£18 /hr

Janis R.

Degree: Politics and International Relations (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered: Biology, Politics+ 8 more

Government and Politics
English and World Literature
English Literature
-Personal Statements-

“About me: I am a Politics and International student at the University of Bath. Before university I attended an international school where I was expected to study many subjects in different foreign languages, for this reason I have dev...”

MyTutor guarantee

Jonathan T. A Level Biology tutor, GCSE Biology tutor, GCSE Chemistry...
View profile
£18 /hr

Jonathan T.

Degree: Biological Sciences (with placement) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Biology, Maths+ 1 more


“About me:I am a Biology student studying at Durham University but currently working in Cambridge on my year in Industry. I love all things Science and have a huge passion for sharing my knowledge in the field and developing others ...”

About the author

Jennifer W. GCSE Biology tutor, GCSE Physical Education tutor, A Leve...
View profile

Jennifer W.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Sport and Exercise Science (Bachelors) - Bath University

Subjects offered: Biology, Physical Education

Physical Education

“Keen to help anyone struggling with Biology or PE GCSE! An enthusiastic Sport and Exercise Science student at the University of Bath with previous experience of tutoring. ”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Jennifer

Name two structural differences between arteries and veins.

What type of movement occurs at a) the hip and b) the knee during the downward phase of a squat?

Other GCSE Biology questions

What are the different stages of mitosis?

Name all food groups you should eat to have a balanced diet.

Describe the role of blood vessels in the control of body temperature.

How does antibiotic resistance relate to evolution?

View GCSE Biology tutors


We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss