What is the difference between a eukaryote and a prokaryote?

Generally a prokaryote is smaller, reaching roughly up to 5μm while eukaryotes are larger reaching roughly up to 100μm.

Eukaryotes have 80s ribosomes but prokaryotes have 70s ribosomes. 

A eukaryotic cell contains membrane bound organelles due to compartimentilisation, this includes a membrane bound nucleus. A prokaryotic cells has no membrane bound oraganelles and no nucleus.

Prokaryotes have naked DNA in the form of a plasmid while eukaryotes have protein bound DNA.

A prokaryote reproduces by binary fission while eukaryotes use mitosis and meiosis. 

Answered by Nadia H. Biology tutor

2020 Views

See similar Biology IB tutors
Illustration of a video tutorial

Need help with Biology?

One to one online tuition can be a great way to brush up on your Biology knowledge.

Have a Free Meeting with one of our hand picked tutors from the UK’s top universities

Find a tutor

Related Biology IB answers

All answers ▸

Explain the stages of aerobic respiration that occur in the mitochondria of eukaryotes. [8]


How are action potentials propagated along a neuron?


How do skeletal muscles contract ?


Explain the process of DNA Replication


We're here to help

contact us iconContact usWhatsapp logoMessage us on Whatsapptelephone icon+44 (0) 203 773 6020
Facebook logoInstagram logoLinkedIn logo

© MyTutorWeb Ltd 2013–2022

Terms & Conditions|Privacy Policy