What are the main similarities and differences in the structure of plant and animal cells?

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Animal cells have the following organelles:

A nucleus which controls the activities of the cell and stores the cell DNA; cytoplasm where most of the cell's chemical reactions take place; a cell membrane which controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell; mitochondria which is the site where most energy is released during respiration and ribosomes which are the sites of protein synthesis.

Plant cells have the above features listed, as well as a cell wall to strengthen the cell; chloroplasts which absorb light for photosynthesis and a vacuole filled with cell sap (the storage unit of the cell). 

Amy W.

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