MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

512 views

How do I know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

A crash course in noun gender...

 

Spanish is very kind in that it's usually easy to work out whether a noun is masculine or feminine.

If it ends in an it is masculine.

If it ends in an it is feminine.

E.g. Mundo (world), Trabajo (job), Perro (dog) are all masculine, and Casa (house), Palabra (word), Hora (hour) are all feminine.

 

We use the article El for a masculine noun, and La for a feminine noun. (this is why, when you learn a new noun, you should always write the article next to it - e.g. write 'la casa' not just 'casa'.)

 

If a word ends in another letter, for example Mujer (woman) or País (country), it could be either.

There are lots of patterns to look out for - e.g. nouns ending in 'ión' like Opinión (opinion) and Construcción (building/construction) tend to be feminine.

Sometimes you can work out whether it's masculine or feminine from what it is e.g. Hombre (man) is a masculine noun.

Here are a few examples:

Questión (question) = feminine

Madre (mother) = feminine

Ciudad (city) = feminine

Aire (air) = masculine

Arte (art) = masculine

País (country) = masculine

 

There are, of course, some irregulars, where the noun ends in an O but is feminine, or ends in an A but is masculine:

La mano (hand) = feminine

El programa (programme) = masculine

El día (day) = masculine

El problema (problem) = Masculine

 

Some nouns can take either an O or an A at the end to mean either, for example Niño (child) can be Niño for a boy or Niña for a girl.

Floss T. GCSE Spanish tutor

2 years ago

Answered by Floss, a GCSE Spanish tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

90 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£18 /hr

Danielle P.

Degree: Modern Languages and Cultures (with Year Abroad) (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Spanish, -Personal Statements-

Spanish
-Personal Statements-

“I am a Modern Languages and Cultures student at Durham University. I fell in love with languages at 7 years old, when I began learning Spanish, and I hope to share that passion with you. I have recently completed my Year Abroad, durin...”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

Ciarán M.

Degree: French and Spanish and German (Bachelors) - St. Andrews Unversity University

Subjects offered: Spanish, German+ 1 more

Spanish
German
French

“About Me: I am from Ireland and am studying French, Spanish and German at the University of St Andrews. Languages have been my passion since the age of about 6 when I went to Spain for the first time and had major jealousy of the bili...”

MyTutor guarantee

£18 /hr

Raquel L.

Degree: Physics with Theoretical Physics (Masters) - Kings, London University

Subjects offered: Spanish, Physics+ 1 more

Spanish
Physics
Maths

“I am a Physics with Theoretical Physics student at King´s College London. And if there is something that I love even more than Physics and Science is learning. I love it so much that I decided to leave my country, leaving there my fam...”

About the author

Floss T.

Currently unavailable: for regular students

Degree: Spanish and Italian (Bachelors) - Bristol University

Subjects offered: Spanish

Spanish

“Friendly, enthusiastic, experienced tutor from the University of Bristol, ready to help you with your Spanish GCSE.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Floss

How do I form and use the Perfect Tense?

How do I know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

What is adjectival agreement?

When should I use Usted/Ustedes and the 'vosotros' (2nd person plural) form?

Other GCSE Spanish questions

Answer the following question in Spanish: ?Cuál prefieres las vacaciones de playa o de montaña?

How can I improve my knowledge of Spanish vocabulary?

How do I know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

When would I use the gerund verb?

View GCSE Spanish tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok