MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

651 views

Outline the process of protein synthesis in a cell.

1) Firstly, the instructions to produce a protein are contained within part of the DNA molecule called a gene.

2) This information is copied from the DNA to form another information-carrying molecule called messenger RNA (mRNA). This process occurs through enzymes called RNA polymerases

3) The mRNA (unlike the DNA) can leave the nucleus of the cell (where almost all of the DNA is found) through pores in the nucleus.

4) It travels to the structures which assemble the proteins called ribosomes.

5) The ribosome reads the instructions contained in the mRNA and sets about joining together amino acids in the correct sequence instructed by the mRNA to form a protein. 

6) The proteins then enter vesicles (sacs surrounded by membrane) which travel to the Golgi Apparatus.

7) The Golgi apparatus modifies the protein and then packages it again in a vesicle ready for release from the cell. 

8) The vesicle travels to the cell membrane, fuses with it and then is released from the cell itself outside.

Aneesh S. 13 plus  Maths tutor, GCSE Maths tutor, 11 Plus Maths tutor...

11 months ago

Answered by Aneesh, an A Level Biology tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

230 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

PremiumJames L. A Level Biology tutor, A Level Chemistry tutor, GCSE Biology...
£26 /hr

James L.

Degree: Medical Sciences (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:Biology, Science+ 4 more

Biology
Science
Physics
Maths
Chemistry
-Personal Statements-

“Hi, I'm James, a Masters student studying Biology. I'm really passionate about science, and I hope i can share some of it with you!”

£22 /hr

Sophie C.

Degree: Medicine (Other) - Bristol University

Subjects offered:Biology, Chemistry+ 4 more

Biology
Chemistry
.UKCAT.
.BMAT (BioMedical Admissions)
-Personal Statements-
-Medical School Preparation-

“First year Medical student at the University of Bristol. Enthusiastic and approachable!”

£20 /hr

Mihai P.

Degree: Natural Sciences (Bachelors) - Cambridge University

Subjects offered:Biology, Maths+ 2 more

Biology
Maths
Chemistry
-Medical School Preparation-

“I would like to share my passion for science and help you discover the key patterns which govern our world.”

About the author

Aneesh S.

Currently unavailable: for new students

Degree: Medicine MBBS BSc (Bachelors) - University College London University

Subjects offered:Biology, Maths+ 1 more

Biology
Maths
Chemistry

“Let me introduce myself: I'm Aneesh, a second year medical student who has just completed his second year at University College London. Through my own experience of benefitting from many outstanding teachers, I know firsthand the dif...”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Posts by Aneesh

A cylindrical beaker has a height of 16 cm and a diameter at its bottom of 10 cm. What is its volume? Give your answer to 2 decimal places.

Arrange the following decimals in order of size: 0.45, 1.09, 0.3, 0.08

Outline the process of protein synthesis in a cell.

The following sequence reads: 8, 5, 2, -1. What are the 4th and 50th terms of this sequence?

Other A Level Biology questions

What are the functions of the Kidneys?

How are Genes and DNA organised?

What is a zymogen giving reference to an example?

Why is it difficult for a baby to get enough oxygen to their tissues when there is a hole between the left and right ventricles?

View A Level Biology tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok