MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

583 views

Why did people join the First Crusade?

The easiest way to split this question is by factor: economic/material gain, religious devotion, legal reasons, social reasons. In terms of historians, the more outdated view was that economic reasons were more important but the modern viewpoint is that people joined for religious reasons. You can choose which ever factor you want as the most important as your essay though.

This is obviously a very cut down and brief summary so your actual essay should include more detail and analysis as well as understanding of the topic. I would recommend organising a tutorial to go over this essay so I can explain points in more detail for better understanding!

Summary of key points to include: 

Religious devotion

Spiritual

(Modern view – Asbridge)

. Riley-Smith and Bull  à evidence from the Charters – people sold everything.

. Raymond sold everything and took his whole family

. Appeal of Jerusalem e.g. Jesus and Holy Sepulchre

. Godfrey of Bouillon took monks with him

. Bertrand of Moncontour gave up monastic lands  he illegally owned so his soul was pure

Social 

. Feudal system à chain reaction after nobility joined e.g. Count Raymond of Toulouse was  the first Prince to join at Clermont.

.  Violence of knights à  was permitted on crusade, desirable.

. Family history of  pilgrimageà Count Robert II of Flanders’ dad had developed links with Alexios I on pilgrimage in 1089 and Rob felt he should carry that on

Political 

To escape legal proceedings in the West e.g. interest on debts was cancelled.

. Count Hugh of Vermandois was the King of France’s (Philip I) brother who had fallen out with the Pope (committed adultery) so Hugh went to show the Kings willing

. Duke Robert  of Normandy was the brother of William II of England who wanted to see him go and so raised a special tax in England to allow this.

Economic/material gain

(Traditional view)

. Personal advancement à Bohemond of Taranto was a second son and had failed to gain lands in the Balkan invasion with his father in the 1080s. He left crusade at Antioch. “Stand fast all together, trusting in Christ and the victory of the cross because today, please God, you will all gain much booty.”

. Soldiers received a wage à could collect booty “But not to excess” (Pope)

. Drought and poor harvest (1090s) à  nothing to lose. Pope: “land of milk and honey.”

Evidence it was not actually material gain:

Raymond of Toulouse was one of the richest secular Lords in France and a first born son

. Philips: Cost 4  x a knights annual income to go on crusade

. Plunder belonged to Lords  of which there where 200 out of 50-100 thousand crusaders

Lucy  L. GCSE History tutor, A Level History tutor, Mentoring -Person...

10 months ago

Answered by Lucy , an A Level History tutor with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

109 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£20 /hr

Seb C.

Degree: History and Politics (Bachelors) - York University

Subjects offered:History, Maths+ 1 more

History
Maths
English Literature

“Hi Everyone! I'm Seb and I am in first year studying History and Politics, both of which I am passionate about equally!”

MyTutor guarantee

£22 /hr

Daphne B.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:History, Extended Project Qualification+ 3 more

History
Extended Project Qualification
English Literature
Economics
.HAT.

“I am a second year History student at the University of Exeter. I am incredibly passionate about the subject, and can offer really useful sessions. ”

£30 /hr

Anne H.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered:History, English+ 2 more

History
English
Economics
-Personal Statements-

“Hi, my name is Anne and I'm a second year at Durham university specializing in economic history.”

About the author

£26 /hr

Lucy L.

Degree: History (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered:History, -Personal Statements-

History
-Personal Statements-

“I'm a fun and high-level history tutor looking to share my passion for the subject and help you to achieve your potential!”

You may also like...

Posts by Lucy

What is the best way to structure an A level history exam essay question?

Why did people join the First Crusade?

Other A Level History questions

How would I analyse and answer a question if presented with a literary source?

Don't know how to write a good essay?

What is the difference between a good exam answer and a great one?

What importance did George Kennan hold within the Cold War?

View A Level History tutors

We use cookies to improve your site experience. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok