18550 questions

How do I write a good personal statement for medicine?

What makes something 'good' is always going to be subjective, but when it comes to university admissions you need to demonstrate why you have chosen medicine, how you have prepared yourself for the demands of the course and what else you can offer the university. Why - this is always going to be tricky! Think carefully about what it is that either first caught your attention to medicine (although it is difficult to avoid being cliche), how a medical degree is different to a bioscience or nursing degree,  or any experiences you have had that have led you to the feel medicine is for you. Give any evidence you can to back up assertions e.g. I have chosen medicine because it is a caring career and I am a caring person. One example of this aspect of my nature is shown by my commitment to volunteer work - both at the local charity shop and care home. How - of course work experience is very important to show you have an understanding of a career in medicine, and know that it isn't quite as glamorous as Casualty might lead you to believe! If you've done any work in hospitals or GP surgeries that's brilliant, but universities know that it can be tricky to get this, especially if you don't have any friends or family who work in such places. So volunteer work in any capacity to do with children (think Brownies or breakfast clubs), the elderly (care homes, even buying shopping for your next door neighbour) or the sick (not all caring happens in hospitals). Equally you should write about any particular books you've read that have inspired you, any lectures you've been to or if you've been on a summer course etc. What - this should be the shortest part, maybe only 20% of your PS. Here you include all extra-curricular activities you participate in and, importantly, how they have given you skills that will make you a good doctor. Anything can be justified for example teamwork skills that come with hockey, or personal drive and time management that comes with competitive swimming. If you've run or been a member of a club or society, or simply enjoy doing something casually in your free time, try to include it here to show that you aren't just focused on getting the grades - after all, a doctor has to interact with patients as well as try to cure them.  
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Sophie R.

Answered by Sophie, Medical School Preparation tutor with MyTutor


What should I include in a music essay?

A strong A-Level music essay should mainly contain the identification and analysis of some of the key musical features within the given piece, and should also provide some information about the musical period in which it was written and how the period links to those features.A helpful way to begin finding points for a music essay is to remember the mnemonic "MRS HITT". This stands for all the important musical features that you will want to address within your essay; M- melody, R - rhythm, S - structure, H- harmony, I- instrumentation, T- texture, T- tonality. Identify features of the given piece of music using these headings to guide you; for example, in Debussy's Sarabande, this might include commenting on the fact that the texture of the piece is largely homophonic, or the harmony is non-functional. To make this a coherent and flowing piece of work, you will want to expand on these basic points and give some examples of them in the work using bar numbers.After outlining each point, providing a comment linking to the historical and musical context will help to strengthen your answer. This will require learning about the different musical periods and being able to identify the features of each. To use Debussy's Sarabande as an example, you might choose to comment on the fact that the harmony is non-functional, and then go on to say that this is characteristic of the 20th Century/Impressionist style in which Debussy was writing, as they aimed to use chords for colour and expression, rather than having a specific harmonic function, as in the Classical period.
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Lila B.

Answered by Lila, Music tutor with MyTutor


What are Acids and Bases?

Acids, by definition, are proton donors, so will donate a H+ ion to a base. Examples of acids may be HCl or ethanoic/acetic acid (a.k.a. vinegar). Bases, by contrast, are proton acceptors, so will accept the acidic proton from the acid, if the reaction allows it to. Examples of bases are NaOH or NH3 (Ammonia).
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Omri T.

Answered by Omri, Chemistry tutor with MyTutor


Find the all the angles of a triangle with side lengths of 8cm, 11cm and 11cm.

Using the knowledge of a2 = b2 + c2 - 2bcCos(A) Rearrange to aquire Cos(A) = (b2 + c2 - a2)/2bc Then input the values to obtain the angles of 42, 69, 69.
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Alexander J.

Answered by Alexander, Maths tutor with MyTutor


Differentiate with respect to x: 4(x^3) + 2x

d/dx(4x3 + 2x) =  d/dx (4x3) + d/dx(2x)                        = 4(3x2) + x                        = 12x2 + x
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Alexander J.

Answered by Alexander, Maths tutor with MyTutor


Basic Reactions of Acids.

Any chemical that dissociates to give an Hion is classified as an acid.  There are stong and weak acids but at GCSE you only need to know some key reactions which apply to both weak and strong acids.  acid + metal = salt of the acid + Hgas.  acid + base = salt of acid + H2O  acid + carbonate = CO2  + H2O + salt of acid  Each time the salt of the acid is named as follows:  If the acid is HCl the compound will be a metal chloride,  If the acid is H2SOthe salt will be a metal suphate Similarly, if the acid is ethanoic or methanoic acid, the salt will be an ethanoate or a methanoate respectively.  eg. ethanoic acid + potassium hydroxide = potassium ethanoate + water
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Katerina T.

Answered by Katerina, Chemistry tutor with MyTutor


What is the difference between assonance sibilance and alliteration?

All three are types of aural imagery which is probably the most prominent type of imagery as it is easily identified by reading out the text. It is spread into many sections.  1) Alliteration: the repetition of the same consonant sound either at the beginning or into he middle of words. eg. perfect pike in all parts/ fragments of regret.  2) Assonance: the repetition of a vowel sound either at the beginning or in the middle of words. eg. mighty cries in the night. 3)Sibilance: repetition of the 's' sound throughout a phrase or a sentence. eg. she slowly staggered across the street.   All three types of aural imagery may help to create a slower or faster rhythm or may aid to convey a certain feeling such as excitement (usually done with letters such as 'r') or sadness (usually done with 's' sounds). 
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Katerina T.

Answered by Katerina, English Literature tutor with MyTutor


Writing a perfect essay question.

The key to a good essay is planning ahead. Firstly look at the question and form the answer by putting down the main points, which will then become your paragraphs. Never put down more than 4 main points because you will run out of time trying to explain them. All essays start with an introduction where you clearly have to establish that you know the novel/poem/play well and that you intend to answer the question and directly as possible. You must do this by writing an introductory sentence where you clearly answer the question eg. In Shakespeare's famous tragedy 'Othello', the theme of jealousy is reinforced in a number of ways, predominantly through striking imagery, interactions between the characters and diction used by Shakespeare. Avoid long lists and aim to only identify the strongest points in your introduction. A well written introduction sets a good mood for the entire essay. REMEMBER TO ENSURE THAT YOU REFER TO THE QUESTION IN YOUR INTRODUCTION.  The body of your essay is critical if you want to achieve a high grade. The golden rule here is QUALITY>QUANTITY as it is much better to write 3 or 4 great, detailed paragraphs than to fit in many small and hardly relevant points. Each paragraph must begin with a sentence which clearly identifies what you will be explaining within your paragraph. This is called a Topic Sentence eg. Shakespeare uses imagery as a key way to reinforce the theme of jealousy which haunts the play throughout.  You would them move on to give examples to justify your point and the main way to do that is bringing up examples from the text and quoting them. QUOTES MUST NEVER BREAK THE FLOW OF YOUR WRITING so never start the sentence with a quote and then explain it; carefully embed the quote into your writing eg. Through the use of the image 'green eyed-monster' Shakespeare grotesquely personifies jealousy which gives it a stronger and more striking presence.  Do not put in too many quotes, instead take care to explain their effect. Some times a quote is not necessary to convey a point and you can simply bring up an instance from the text. Usually 2-4 quotes per essay is sufficient.  Finally you have a conclusion in which you NEVER introduce new points, but simply summarize the points you have made in your paragraphs. Remember that a conclusion is your last chance to show off your language skills to the examiner.  Always remember to be concise, use shorter, simpler sentences if in doubt. Though examiners do not look for flawless spelling, your grammar and punctuation are key to making your writing flow. Make sure you practice timing yourself with essays to ensure you know how much you can write in a give amount of time. 
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Katerina T.

Answered by Katerina, English Literature tutor with MyTutor

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