Differentiate the function f(x) = x*sin(x)

This function is the product of the two functions 'x' and 'sin(x)'. Therefore we use the product rule, which says that the differential of a product of two functions is the differential of the first multiplied by the second, plus the differential of the second multiplied by the first:

d/dx(x*sin(x)) = (d/dx(x))*sin(x) + x*(d/dx(sin(x)))

                     = 1*sin(x) + x*cos(x)

                     = sin(x) + x*cos(x)

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