MYTUTOR SUBJECT ANSWERS

167 views

What is the mitochondria and what is its role within the cell?

The mitochondria is an organelle found in most cells of eukaryotic organisms, excluding some specific cells such as red blood cells. It has a double membrane and is variable in size (but usually between 0.75um and 3um in diameter). 

A mitochondrion has a very specific structure of an outer mitochondrial membrane, an intermembrane space, an inner mitochondrial membrane, the cristae and the matrix. The characteristic structure is essential for carrying out it's function.

The role of the mitochondria is to act as the 'powerhouse of the cell' it is responsible for generating ATP or Adenine Triphospate through the process of respiration. ATP is incredibly important for the cell because it is a form of chemical energy which is used as 'universal currency' within the cell to power countless reactions and processes such as the Na+/K+ pump. 

Other important functions which the mitochondria perform include maintaining cell growth, controlling the cell cycle and cell differentiation. 

Rosie P. GCSE Biology tutor, A Level Biology tutor, GCSE Chemistry tu...

7 months ago

Answered by Rosie, who has applied to tutor A Level Biology with MyTutor


Still stuck? Get one-to-one help from a personally interviewed subject specialist

118 SUBJECT SPECIALISTS

£24 /hr

Joe M.

Degree: Biology (Bachelors) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Biology, Science+ 2 more

Biology
Science
Maths
Chemistry

“Second year Biology student tutoring science and maths in a relaxed and friendly environment”

£20 /hr

Steven A.

Degree: Bioscience (Masters) - Durham University

Subjects offered: Biology, Science+ 5 more

Biology
Science
Maths
Human Biology
English
Chemistry
-Personal Statements-

“Hey! I'm Steven, 18 years old and I'm studying Biochemistry at Durham University. I love tutoring people, to put it simply. At my college i was a tutor to a student in the year below me for chemistry and growing up with a younger sist...”

£24 /hr

James L.

Degree: Medical Sciences (Bachelors) - Exeter University

Subjects offered: Biology, Science+ 3 more

Biology
Science
Physics
Maths
Chemistry

“Hi, I'm James, a 2nd year Medical Science student. I'm really passionate about science, and I hope i can share some of it with you! ”

About the author

£20 /hr

Rosie P.

Degree: Biological Sciences (Bachelors) - Oxford, The Queen's College University

Subjects offered: Biology, Maths+ 2 more

Biology
Maths
Chemistry
-Personal Statements-

“Top tutor from the renowned Russell university group, ready to help you improve your grades.”

MyTutor guarantee

You may also like...

Other A Level Biology questions

What are the modes of genetic inheritance?

Describe the process of allopatric speciation.

What is a zymogen giving reference to an example?

How is an action potential fired?

View A Level Biology tutors

Cookies:

We use cookies to improve our service. By continuing to use this website, we'll assume that you're OK with this. Dismiss

mtw:mercury1:status:ok