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What are some different editing techniques used in film?

Key techniques of editing: Continuity editing – creating the illusion of scenes being filmed at once / match of action is often used to make the order seem uninterrupted – fills out a scene without jeopardizing the reality of the time frame of the actionAbrupt cut/juxtaposition/ parallel editing – looking at two things in contrast to consider both at once  - makes 2 scenes are simultaneously happening – connection between them – editing adds to the interpretation of the storyline as we understand they are happening at the same timeDissolve – narrative device suggesting a pass of time between scenes Graphic match – matching light, colour, shadow, etc. to make the scenes consistent – push the story forward seamlessly without audience noticing / can also link two unconnected scenesReverse cut – showing the character’s face, then what they see or vice versa – or from one characters face to another – by showing how characters act, react, and interact, reverse cuts keep the audience involved in the action and dialogue – typically shows both sides of a conversation Reaction – a cut to someone reacting to something that just happened – can be powerful as reactions show human emotion and thought – focus of reactions more than what’s happening shows an emphasis on the characters emotions rather than the plot – can eliminate need to dialogueInsert and cutaway – A cut to a small significant detail of a scene i.e. a letter – shows necessary information to audience, commonly they act as introductions to scenes or between scenes to forward the flow of information Long take – over 1 minute before cutting to the next shot – builds suspense or captures the attention of the audience without breaking concentration Sound effects/music: Sound effects – simulate reality, adding or creating something that is not really there, creating a mood, to help tell the story Horror movies use sound to draw attention – when the audience is attached to sound they lean forward to listen more intently – sudden changes in sound make them jump backHard effects – sounds associated with an action or event but are not dependent on the performance – car horns, gun shotsFoley effects – sounds that are performed by an artist, typically in sync with the action on screen – footstepsBackground effects – ambiances that give an immediate ‘sound picture; to the location of a scene – birds chirping tells us its morning 

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