Rapid population growth is the exponential growth of a countries population leading to an aray of problems.To counteract such issues, countries employ strageties to prevent such from occuring in the future. An example of this is China with its development of the 'One Child Policy'. In essence the policy prevents families from having the ability to have more than one child. The policy began in 1979 and ended subsequently in 2015. The mechanisms in place for enforcement of the policy are as such: Couples who follow the policy are entitled to longer maternity leave, educational loans for their child and healthcare entitlements.In addition, it also included fines for those who chose to go against the policy alongside refusal of citezenship. This acted as a direct insentive for families to conply with the policy which reduced the population growth rate to 0.7% from 1.9%.