17772 questions

What expectations does the writer of the extract from Touching the Void create for the reader? use inference and analysis

The characters in the extract are evidently happy to take risks. They are mountaineers that want to climb 'the unclimbed West Face of Suila Grande' in the Andes in a place with 'no helicopters, no rescue'. Their appetite for risk taking also appears in the idea that the narrator will try Simon's sleeping pills to experience the 'weird hallucinations' that Simon is reporting, rather than saying don't take these pills anymore.
The writer includes many references to what will happen next, making it certain and uncertain at the same time. 'Shall we go tomorrow then?' 'Might as well' comes after the statement 'Tomorrow we would start an acclimatisation climb up Rosario Norte'. The reader is seeing the future in the same way as the climbers - there are pages to go, but the reader doesn't know what is on them, just as the climbers don't know what will happen to them next. 'My only worry is this weather. I'm not sure what it means.' gives voice to the climbers uncertainty and despite their evident experience in the Alps (they know the Alps are full of 'hordes of climbers') they are in the Andes, it is new to them. Their competence and experience is set alongside their appetite for risk and the reader is as uncertain and as unknowing as they are about what will happen.

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Lucy S.

Answered by Lucy, who has applied to tutor English with MyTutor


Describe and Evaluate two ways of treating offenders.

Historically, the primary method of treating offenders has been custodial sentencing. Arguments for custodial sentences are that dangerous offenders cannot harm members of the public whilst detained and the realities of a prison lifestyle will dissuade offenders from future behaviour that could produce a custodial sentence. However, more recent studies have suggested that with regard to reducing re offending rates custodial sentences have had a limited effect; Lambie and Randall (2013) found that 70-80% of juvenile offenders in the US re offend within three years of the end of their custodial sentence. The authors suggest that interruption of the maturation process by removal and alienation from friendship groups and social circles leads to an incomplete maturation that prevents the natural process of offending behaviour reducing as one grows older. Furthermore, prison often forces juveniles into contact with older, more experienced criminals to fit in. This can encourage juveniles to attempt more criminal acts as older and more experienced criminals become role model. Therefore, although custodial sentences prevent offenders from committing further crimes immediately in the long term it can lead to a higher chance of re offending. Another method for treatment of offenders if multi systemic therapy (MST). MST is a short term (4-6 months in length) programme with therapists working in the homes of families with problematic and antisocial behaviour. A therapist may help with issues such as discipline, family affection and school attendance for example. Curtis et al (2004) found that 70% of those that took part in an MST programme in the US felt better off for taking part and the Missouri delinquency project found that both those that completed and dropped out of a course of MST had lower re offending rates than those that completed intensive therapy courses. However, Littell et al (2005) cnducted a systematic review of MST and found no significant effect compared to out of home placements. However it could be argued that although the positive effect of MST compared to other methods is debatable it does not have the negative effect of a custodial sentence.
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John R.

Answered by John, Psychology tutor with MyTutor


How can potassium form an ionic compound with sulphur?

An ionic compound is formed from positive and negative ions which have balanced and opposite charges.K has 1 electron in it's outer shell. S has 6 electrons in it's outer shell. S needs 2 more electrons to fill it's outer shell and become more stable. K can only lose 1 electron so 2 atoms of K are needed. Each of the 2 atoms of K lose 1 electron each and become +1 ions. Both of these electrons are gained by the S atom which becomes a -2 ion. The ionic compound formed is K2S.
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Molly T.

Answered by Molly, who has applied to tutor Chemistry with MyTutor

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Describe the structure of globular proteins.

There are 4 levels of structure associated with a globular protein; primary, secondary, tertiary and quarternary. The primary structure is the organisation of amino acids, bonded by peptide bonds. The secondary structure is the shape this chain of amino acids takes and can be either a Beta pleated sheet or a Alpha helix. The secondary structure is determined by hydrogen bonding between carbonyl groups and the amino H of each amino acid. The tertiary structure is determined by the folding of an alpha helix or beta pleated sheet. This folding is caused by interactions between R groups of amino acids which include ionic bonding, hydrogen bonding, dipole-dipole interactions, hydrophobic interactions and disulphide bridges. The final level is quarterary which is the arrangement of multiple polypeptide chains held together by hydrogen bonding, disulphide bridges and London forces.
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Charlie K.

Answered by Charlie, Biology tutor with MyTutor


There are 10 boys and 20 girls in a class. The class has a test. The mean mark for all the class is 60. The mean mark for the girls is 54. Work out the mean mark for the boys.

Mean = Sum of all the numbers/How many numbers there are
60=sum of all numbers/30 therefore 1800= sum of all the test scores of class54= sum of all the girls' scores/20 therefore 1080 = sum of all the girl's test scoreTo calculate sum of all the boy's test score 1800-1080 = 720x=720/10 therefore x=72 therefore mean score for boys = 72
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Chimdi O.

Answered by Chimdi, Maths tutor with MyTutor

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How should you structure an unseen commentary?

There are three main ways to structure an unseen commentary: chronologically, technically and thematically, but I would argue that the latter is the most useful. First read the passage at least twice before lifting a pen, and then try as quickly as you can to group the poem into different themes converging around a single overarching thesis. This thesis must represent an argument about the text's message eg. it displays the oppression of women, and then the themes must prove this idea eg. objectification of women, their lack of independence in the passage etc. Once you have done this you then merge your technical comments on the poem, so analysis of rhetorical devices and language features, within your thematic paragraphs so that the entire essay is not only a commentary but actually a generalised about the message of the text.
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Daniel K.

Answered by Daniel, English tutor with MyTutor


Factorise the following cubic polynomial. f(x)=6x^3-5x^2-17x+6

Take the constant 6 and look at its factors, +/- 1, +/-2, +/-3, +/-6, so for some x equal to factors of 6 there exist f(x)=0. In this case it is 2 so (x-2) is a factor of 6x^3-5x^2-17x+6. So 6x^3-5x^2-17x+6=(x-2)(ax^2+bx+c) then expand and solve for a, b and c then factories (ax^2+bx+c) and you get the three factors of 6x^3-5x^2-17x+6.
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Max T.

Answered by Max, Maths tutor with MyTutor


What is attachment theory?

Attachment theory is a psychological model which aims to explain how early life experiences may affect interpersonal relationships. It suggests that the availability and responses of a caregiver to a child in early life affects how the child responds to adversity in the future.Within this theory, there are 4 broad attachment types:Secure Attachment - occurs when the caregiver is available, supportive and reliable. Securely attached children tend to be well adjusted, are able to respond to adversity positively and can build positive, reciprocal relationships with others. The other 3 attachment types are thought to occur when care is inconsistent, neglectful or insensitive.Anxious-Ambivalent Attachment - is displayed as anxiety at separation from the caregiver which is not resolved upon their return.Anxious-Avoidant Attachment - is displayed as avoidance of the caregiver altogether.Disorganised Attachment - children display no attachment behaviour at all.These 3 'insecure' attachment types are considered suboptimal and are thought to be related to impaired school performance, poor interpersonal relationships and mental health difficulties later in life.
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Charlotte W.

Answered by Charlotte, Psychology tutor with MyTutor

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