22964 questions

How is the human body used in Wilfred Owen's poem 'Mental Cases'?

The human body is broken down in 'Mental Cases' and is detached from the soldiers. Owen dehumanises the men, to better establish how the horror of the First World War is impacting them. He compares them to some sort of demon, unable to view them as human any more, 'Sure we have perished / Sleeping, and walk hell; but who these hellish?'. He struggles to identify with them, as established by the opening rhetorical question of 'Who are these?' Additionally, even the men's faces are no longer human, 'Thus their heads wear this hilarious, hideous, / Awful falseness of set-smiling corpses'. Owen describes the human body using abstract terms to dehumanise the soldiers, highlighting how their trauma is impacting them and making them forever different from the rest of humanity.
Beyond the soldiers, Owen uses the body as a way of describing the world around the patients. Here, he is highlighting how the war has bled into all of the world the soldiers are experiencing and they are unable to get the images of death out of their minds, 'Sunlight seems a bloodsmear: night comes blood-black; / Dawn breaks like a wound that bleeds afresh'. The trauma the soldiers have experienced is causing them to visualise their memories everywhere and they are unable to view reality without remembering images of death and bodies. This makes clear Owen's anti-war message, and shows a great awareness for the effects PTSD has on these patients.
See more
Callum W.

Answered by Callum, English A Level tutor with MyTutor


Compare the advantages and disadvantages of light and electron microscopes.

Electron microscopes have higher magnification and higher resolution than light microscopes. Scanning electron microscopes can be used to examine the surface of cells and structuresLight microscopes can be used to examine living cells, electron microscopes cannot.
See more
Kavita R.

Answered by Kavita, Biology GCSE tutor with MyTutor

1 view

How are women and homosexuals marginalised within ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’ in order to portray ideals within society? For what purposes and with what effects?

During the 1940’s, not only was male supremacy prevalent within society, the shunning of homosexuals was ever-present too. Tennessee Williams himself was a homosexual and perhaps this is what drove his inspiration to divulging the truth behind societies views, using his play as an outlet. Through the oppressive marginalisation of women and homosexuals in A Streetcar Named Desire, Williams is depicting its negative repercussions on these groups as seen through - the tragic demise of Allan Grey, Blanche’s subsequent descent to hysteria, and Stella’s predicament on whether to remain with presumed rapist, Stanley. Williams encapsulates how the ‘brutish’ catalyse the downfall of the ‘fragile’.
The negative effects of marginalisation on homosexuals are blatantly shown in the play, as it drives Allan Grey to his own demise. His suicide was a result of collective marginalisation from both society and his own wife. This can be seen through Blanche’s flashback of the night she discovered Allan in bed with another man — she went berserk. Later that evening, she spewed drunken confessions, stating “I saw! I know! You disgust me...” Her words led Allan to “run out of the casino. A few moments later — a shot!” The boy had killed himself. Moreover, the fact that Blanche was under the influence of alcohol when she uttered the demeaning words could suggest that the belief of homosexuals being a disgrace to society has been ingrained in her for a long time. This has connotations to the saying, ‘a drunk mans words are a sober mans thoughts’. Though the character of Allan Grey doesn’t have a role in the main plot of the play, his presence is constant in Blanche’s flashbacks and haunts her conscience. Perhaps Williams has done this to portray that although Allan Grey has no voice in the play, much like the homosexuals in society at the time, his spirit still resounds. Williams also used Allan Grey and Blanche to personify his thoughts when discovering he was attracted to men. This can be inferred from the dialogue “I made the discovery - love. All at once and much too completely.. I didn't know anything except I loved him unendurably...” in scene 6. Williams fell in love with a man at a young age, which is why he created Allan Grey and unveiled the truth behind the marginalisation of homosexuals. He wanted to show his audience that through his own silencing, like that of many homosexuals during his time, his life was affected so drastically.
See more
Maxine D.

Answered by Maxine, English IB tutor with MyTutor

1 view

Solve x^2 + 7x + 10 = 0

First factorise the quadratic into the form (x + a)(x + b) = 0.This will make x^2 + ax + bx + ab = 0.Work out a and b so that a + b = 7 and a*b = 10.a = 5 b = 25+2 = 7 5*2 = 10.
See more
Simone K.

Answered by Simone, Maths GCSE tutor with MyTutor


How and why have socialists been historically divided over the means of achieving their goals?

Disagreement within socialism regarding means can be broadly divided into three disputes. First, the revolutionary strand, in the context of absent or limited suffrage, saw the fundamental restructuring of society via proletarian revolution as the only feasible or accessible route to change. By contrast, the evolutionary strand, emerging as the franchise was extending to include the working classes, at the same time as their wages and living standards within capitalism were rising, saw the urgency of dramatic political upheaval alleviated with the opening of a parliamentary, reformist path to socialism. Second, Marxists, seeing capitalism as necessarily and systematically exploitative in its quest for profit, advocate that the mode of production must be abolished and replaced. However, social democrats believe capitalism is redeemable and reconcilable with socialist goals; it can be 'humanized' through economic management and welfare provisions to reduce inequality. Third, disagreement is evident between orthodox Marxists and Communists. Whilst the former envision revolution as spontaneous and self-guided by a 'class-conscious' proletariat, the latter called upon the need for a vanguard party to lead the working class out of bourgeois delusion and towards emancipation.
It is important still to recognize that, despite these disagreements, socialists have been united by a commitment to the working class being the vehicle through which socialism can and should be achieved, and by a common belief in the necessity of changing capitalism as we know it.
See more
Molly C.

Answered by Molly, Government and Politics A Level tutor with MyTutor

1 view

How do I solve the following simultaneous equations? y = 2x -3 and 2x + 3y = 23

Equation 1 : y = 2x -3 Equation 2: 2x +3y = 23
To solve these equations you use a method called substitution The information from the 1st equation is used by the 2nd one
Sub in the formula for y like so: 2x + 3 (2x -3) = 23Expand the brackets/multiply out2x + 6x - 9 = 23Bring all the algebraic terms on one side 8x = 32Divide by 8 x=4
Then substitute this value into equation 1 to find out what y equals y = 2(4) - 3 = 8-3 = 5
y = 5

See more
Anika K.

Answered by Anika, Maths GCSE tutor with MyTutor

1 view

Describe the sequence of events of the clotting cascade that will lead to a blood clot in a damaged blood vessel

Thromboplastin is released from damaged tissue and platelets, which activates an enzyme that catalyses the conversation of the protein prothrombin to thrombin. This occurs in the presence of Calcium and Vitamin K. Thrombin is an enzyme that then catalyses the conversion of the soluble plasma protein, fibrinogen, into the insoluble protein, fibrin. The fibrin forms a mesh that traps more platelets and red blood cells to form a clot.
See more
Laura T.

Answered by Laura, who has applied to tutor Biology A Level with MyTutor

1 view

What is an action potential, and what steps are involved?

Action potentials are changes of electrical potential in a cell. The normal resting membrane potential inside cells is around -70mV. This membrane potential is maintained through the action of the Na+K+ATPase pump (which moves 3Na+ out and 2 K+ in), leaky Na channels (that allow influx of Na+) and leaky K+ channels (that allow efflux of K+). The net movement of Na+ and K+ is balanced at this point.An action potential starts when Na+ channels open and Na+ starts moving into the cell. This starts depolarisation of the cell, where the membrane potential starts increasing. At around -30mV a threshold is met. This is an all or nothing response, if enough stimulus is present all the voltage-gated Na+ channels open causing a rapid depolarisation of the cell. When the membrane potential reaches around +30/40mV the Na+ channels close, and the voltage-gated K+ channels open at the same time. As K+ starts moving into the cell, it starts repolarisation of the cell - the membrane potential starts moving down. The K+ channel remain open past -70mV and eventually close when the potential reaches -90mV - this is known as hyperpolarisation. The action of the Na+K+ATPase pump then brings the cell back to its resting membrane potential (-70mV). At this point a second action potential can occur.
See more
Claudia L.

Answered by Claudia, Human Biology GCSE tutor with MyTutor

1 view
Need help with school?
Boost your grades with stress-free tuition that fits your schedule.

Your difficult questions, answered

Our tutors get asked all sorts of hard questions in their Online Lessons. They use this page to write up the most common questions so you can access them for free.

Wondering how MyTutor works?

Here's a two minute explanation.


How do we connect with a tutor?

Who are the tutors?

How much does tuition cost?

How do Online Lessons work?

How it works