17772 questions

How do I best write a strong introduction?

Introductions should be informative and useful to the reader, and by the end they should know what the entire essay will be doing. Important details include the text or texts that will be covered in the essay, and ideally a strong setting (the author, time period, details which will be relevant to answering). As well as this, the introduction should give a sense of what the essay will look at - ideally set out roughly what the focus of each paragraph will be. If there is space it can be helpful to include the justification for your argument, whether it is the reason you are writing on a particular text, the importance of certain social factors to the issue, the relevance of the author, and so on. Ultimately, a strong introduction will give the reader a good idea of what to expect from the rest of the essay, guiding them through.
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Beverley C.

Answered by Beverley, English tutor with MyTutor


Explore the use of poetic voice in Yeats' 'The Second Coming'

Yeats’ attempt to elevate his poetic voice beyond the grasp of the 'populace' shrouds The Second Coming in intractability. The distance between the reader and the poetic voice is a stylistic incarnation of an integral driving force of early Modernist poetry – the fear that the elevated art form of poetry had been tarnished by the masses. Phrases such as “the centre” (3), “the worst” (7) and “the best” (7) all seem to yearn for substantiating nouns to set such indications of scale in context, with Yeats’ use of definite articles invoking an even wider void between what we, as the reader, feels we should understand, and what we do know. Not only does Yeats presuppose our understanding through incomplete language choice, he also invokes a temporal void by harking back to a pre-civilised era, through his raw use of diction: “rough beast” (21) and “blood-dimmed” (5). Allusions to an absence of light substantiate this – the image of the “blank…sun” (15) is rendered more sinister due to the word “blank” falling on a feminine foot within the metre, almost self-referentially, in that the weak syllabic quality of the word mirrors the negated energy of the image. References to “shadows” (17), “nightmare” (20) and “darkness” (18) bolster this idea. Yeats’ decision to invoke a setting of nebulous pre-civilisation is a key facet of the poem’s ambiguity, because the reader is denied a temporal anchor upon which to rely. Poetic voice is also used by Yeats as a means of asserting prophetic shrewdness. The syntactic and phonological closeness entrench the certainty invoked in “now I know” (18), whilst the use of simultaneous anaphora (the use of the same word to begin multiple successive clauses) and epistrophe (the use of the same word to end multiple successive clauses) in the first two lines of the second stanza maintain Yeats’ sense of oracular authority. Ultimately, he employs these poetic features in order to invoke the disorientating feeling that the reader is unable to access what appears a transcendental voice.

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Rebecca M.

Answered by Rebecca, English Literature tutor with MyTutor


Writing an essay about the techniques used in movie 'x' to depict the fascist regime- what are some key points and vocabulary to include in the essay

First of all, in the introduction give a brief understanding of the fascist regime- link how it is a theme in the movie. Key words here may include: Franco, Guerra Civil, Posguerra Civil, Franquismo, Falange Española, Los Rojos; etc. Next say that the director uses visual and audible techniques throughout the movie to emphasise the importance of fascism in the time: for example the background music/noise (Banda Sonora), colours (colores), the use and contrast of lighting (Luz y oscuridad), costume (vestuario/disfraz), the key of the music in the background (clave mayor/menor), the grammar used (imperativo...) etc. In general, use as much technical vocabulary as possible to improve essay. In the main body of the essay expand on these themes and more- provide good steps of analysis and do not be afraid of pointing out the obvious; answer MUST be clear to the reader and concise with good vocabulary and grammar.
Example: one paragraph can link the use of colour and costume of the soldiers- e.g. cleanliness and cold colours such as blue enhance the properties of the fascist regime, contrast with more natural colours (such as green) for opposing party or red for los rojos. Use of light can also be included. In each paragraph try and include at least one example and quote with a good piece of analysis; also try and use sophisticated grammar structures such as the subjunctive (very important), conditional etc and make sure it is accurate. NOTE: for conclusion and introduction make sure you read the guidelines provided by the exam board this will be very important; any information by exam board is useful; always plan essay; time essay well; read over when finished.
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Nikita S.

Answered by Nikita, who has applied to tutor Spanish with MyTutor


Differentiate graph with function y=e^(2x+3)sin(4x)+2x^2(cos(4x))^2

y = e^(2x+3)sin(4x)+2x^2(cos(4x))^2 = e^(2x+3)sin(4x)+(x^2)(cos(8x)+1) using double angle formuladifferentiate e^(2x+3)sin(4x) by parts to get ( 2e^(2x-3) )(sin(4x) + 2cos(4x) )differetiate (x^2)(cos(8x)+1) by parts to get 2x(cos(8x) - 4sin (8x) ) + 2xdy/dx = ( 2e^(2x-3) )(sin(4x) + 2cos(4x) ) + 2x(cos(8x) - 4sin (8x) ) + 2x
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Asit R.

Answered by Asit, Maths tutor with MyTutor


The equation of lines M and L are y=3x-10 and 3y-3-9x=0 respectively. Are these lines perpendicular or parrallel?

Begin by manipulating L into 3y=9x+3, then finally y=3x+1. This provides equations of format y=mx+c which have the same gradient m. Therefore they are parrallel.
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Carlos S.

Answered by Carlos, Maths tutor with MyTutor


Explain the distinction between judicial activism and judicial restraint.

Judicial activism and judicial restraint are the two main concepts used by commentators to describe the judicial philosophy of the Supreme Court and of its individual judges.
Judicial activism is the idea that the court should act as an instrument of policy, effectively making it like the other two branches of government (the executive and the legislative). Activist judges look beyond the written word of the constitution and consider the further social and political implications of policy. Activist judges regularly overturn congressional policy’s and they are often criticised as ‘making policy from the bench’. This philosophy is often linked to more liberal justices
Judicial restraint is the the idea that justices should pay close attention to precedent set by previous cases and policy change should not be taken lightly. This philosophy is often linked to conservative justices.
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Rachel S.

Answered by Rachel, Government and Politics tutor with MyTutor


What's a good method to translate a sentence from Latin into English?

(1) Underline the endings of all the words in the sentence, so that you can identify what each word is; (2) Identify verb, subject (nominative), and object (accusative), if there is one; (3) Order these according to English word order (subject - verb - object). Then move on to order the rest of the sentence; (4) If there are adverbs linked with the verb, place them before the verb; (5) If there are nouns in the genitive, identify which noun they are linked with (Latin word order and common sense will help you work it out), then place them next to the noun; (6) If there are nouns in the dative or ablative, place them after the object ; (7) If there are adjectives linked with one or more nouns, check their case, gender and number to make sure they agree, then place them before the noun(s); (8) If there are prepositions linked with other words, place them before those words and after the object; (9) Once everything is in order, translate the sentence into English. Remember that Latin has no articles, so make sure to add English articles before words as appropriate; (10) Congratulations! You have successfully translated a sentence from Latin into English!
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Davide S.

Answered by Davide, Latin tutor with MyTutor

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To what extent were the Russian workers treated worse by the Communists than by the Tsars?

The workers in Russia always underpinned the improvement of economy and industry. They were treated differently by each ruler. However, to a large extent, the Russian workers were not treated worse by the Communists than by the Tsars. Politically, the Communist government was centred around the workers. In the economy, industry was essential and this is seen with the introduction of the Five Year Plans. To make the workers more efficient and happier, the Communists enabled better healthcare and education. Politically, the Russian workers were treated better by the Communists than by the Tsars. The Communist government was centred around the workers. Universal suffrage was introduced to men and women over 18. This is significant, because under the Tsars, the workers had barely any political rights. This was due to the autocratic system of the Tsars. The workers had very limited political rights and had barely any representation until 1905 due to unequal voting.
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Layla C.

Answered by Layla, History tutor with MyTutor


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